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Great Western Railway

  The London and Gore Railroad Co, incorporated 6 May 1834, changed its name to the Great Western Rail Road Co in 1845 and to the Great Western Railway in 1853. Promoted by lawyer-politician Allan Napier MACNAB and more significantly by Hamilton merchants Isaac and Peter Buchanan, R.W.

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Granby

Situated 84 km southeast of Montréal and about 48 km from the US border, Granby remained a modest agricultural centre until the 1940s.

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Grand Lake

Grand Lake, 534 km2, elevation 85 m, max length 100 km, up to 300 m deep, largest lake on the Island of Newfoundland, is located on the west side of the Island, 24 km southeast of CORNER BROOK.

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Grand Manan Island

With a population of about 2500 - chiefly in the villages of North Head, Grand Harbour and Seal Cove - its chief industries are scallops, herring, lobster and salmon aquaculture, dulse (seaweed) gathering and tourism.

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Great Slave Lake

Great Slave Lake is located in the Northwest Territories. It is the second largest lake entirely within Canadian borders, the fifth largest in North America, and the tenth largest in the world.

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Greenwood

Greenwood, BC, incorporated as a city in 1897, population 708 (2011c), 625 (2006c). The City of Greenwood is located 27 km west of GRAND FORKS on Highway 3. It grew as a result of the mining boom in the Boundary District in the 1890s and nearly died when the boom ended.

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Nettilling Lake

Nettilling Lake, 5542 km2, elevation 30 m, max length 123 km, is located toward the south end of Baffin Island in the Great Plain of the Koukdjuak, about 110 km southwest of Auyuittuq National Park and 280 km northwest of Iqaluit. The name is of Inuktitut origin but its meaning is unclear.

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Galt

In 1827 it was renamed Galt after John GALT, the Scottish novelist and colonizer who founded the CANADA CO. It was a centre of Scottish settlement in Upper Canada. The first macadamized road in Upper Canada linked it to Hamilton in 1837.

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Ganges

Ganges, BC, Unincorporated Place. Ganges is the major community centre of SALTSPRING ISLAND, the largest island in the southern GULF ISLANDS chain. Named after HMS Ganges, flagship of the Pacific Station 1857-60, it is located at

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Gatineau

   Gatineau, Québec, city, pop 102 898 (2001c), 100 684 A (1996c), 92 284 (1991c), 77 708 (1986Ac), area 146.78 km2, inc 1975, is located at the junction of the Gatineau River and OTTAWA RIVER, adjoining HULL.

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Galiano Island

Galiano Island, 5787 ha, is one of BC's GULF ISLANDS, named for Spanish navy commander Dionisio Alcalá-Galiano, who explored the area in 1792. It has the driest climate of the islands.

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Gander River

Gander River, 175 km long, drainage basin 6400 km2, is the principal river of northeast Newfoundland, emptying into Gander Bay. Named for its abundant geese, it rises in the central plateau and eventually falls 427 m to the Atlantic.

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Grimsby

Grimsby, Ontario, incorporated as a town in 1970, population 25 325 (2011c), 23 937 (2006c). The Town of Grimsby is situated on the NIAGARA PENINSULA to the east of Hamilton.

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Fury and Hecla Strait

Fury and Hecla Strait is located at the northern end of Foxe Basin, connecting the basin with the Gulf of Boothia, and separating Melville Peninsula on the mainland and Baffin Island to the north.