The Nature Conservancy of Canada (NCC) is the largest land conservation charity in Canada, with more
than 11,000 km2 of land protected across the country. Its mission is to partner with individual donors, corporations and governments to purchase and protect areas rich in
species diversity (see Biodiversity). The charity and its partners achieve this goal by working with local communities to identify land and species in need of protection,
and by implementing the best evidence-based conservation science available. The NCC has conserved habitat across Canada for nearly 200 species at risk of extinction.
Canada’s national parks are protected areas established under federal legislation to preserve Canada’s natural heritage. They are administered by Parks Canada, a government agency that evolved from the world’s first national parks service, the Dominion Parks Branch, established in 1911. The National Parks System Plan, developed in 1970, divided Canada into 39 natural regions and set the goal of representing each region with at least one national park. Canada now has 47 national parks and national park reserves in 29 of these regions. In total, the parks cover more than 300,000 km2, which is over three per cent of Canada’s landmass. They protect important land and marine habitats, geographical features and sites of cultural significance. National parks also benefit local economies and the tourism industry in Canada.