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Patrick Martin Draper

Patrick Martin Draper"Paddy," printer, trade-union leader (b at Aylmer, Qué 1868; d at Ottawa 23 Nov 1943). Apprenticed as a printer, Draper began work at the Government Printing Bureau in Ottawa in 1888, and eventually served as director of printing from 1921 until retirement in 1933.

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Timothy Eaton

The introduction of the Eaton catalogue in 1884 gave Canadians, particularly those in pioneer farming communities, access to a variety of merchandise.

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Gérard Filion

Gérard Filion, publisher (born 18 August 1909 in L'Île Verte, QC; died 26 March 2005 in Saint-Bruno-de-Montarville, QC). Educated at Laval and Montréal's École des hautes études commerciales, he became editor of Terre de chez nous in 1935, and then secretary general of the Union des cultivateurs catholiques, the journal's proprietor.

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Norris Roy Crump

Norris Roy Crump, railway executive (b at Revelstoke, BC 30 July 1904; d at Calgary 26 Dec 1989). Born into a railway family, Crump began with the CANADIAN PACIFIC RAILWAY as a labourer in 1920, taking time off to study science at Purdue University.

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Walter Deiter

Walter Deiter, politician, businessman (b at Peepeekesis Indian Reserve, Sask 31 May 1916; d at Regina 7 Sept 1988). Deiter was active in the development of Indigenous political organizations in the 1960s.

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Robert Atkinson Davis

Robert Atkinson Davis, businessman, politician, premier of Manitoba 1874-78 (b at Dudswell, Qué 9 Mar 1841; d at Phoenix, Ariz 7 Jan 1903). Davis came to Winnipeg in May 1870 and bought a downtown hotel, which he named Davis House.

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Alfred Ernest Ames

Alfred Ernest Ames, investment dealer (b at Lambeth, CW 3 Sept 1866; d at Toronto 20 Sept 1934). He worked as a bank clerk, then moved to Toronto and established A.E. Ames Co, investment dealers, 1889, the same year he married Mary Cox, daughter of financier and senator George Cox.

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Coureurs des bois

Coureurs des bois were itinerant, unlicenced fur traders from New France. They were known as “wood-runners” to the English on Hudson Bay and “bush-lopers” to the Anglo-Dutch of New York. Unlike voyageurs, who were licensed to transport goods to trading posts, coureurs des bois were considered outlaws of sorts because they did not have permits from colonial authorities. The independent coureurs des bois played an important role in the European exploration of the continent. They were also vital in establishing trading contacts with Indigenous peoples.

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Sir Harry Oakes

Sir Harry Oakes, prospector, mine owner (b at Sangerville, Maine 23 Dec 1874; d near Nassau, Bahamas 8 July 1943). A graduate of Bowdoin College, Oakes abandoned medical school in 1898 to prospect in the Klondike.

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Walter Edward Foster

Walter Edward Foster, businessman, politician, premier of New Brunswick 1917-23 (b at St Martins, NB 9 Apr 1873; d at Saint John 14 Nov 1947). Chosen Liberal Opposition leader in 1916 and premier following the Liberal victory in 1917 he sat for Victoria in 1917 and Saint John City in 1920.

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Nicolas Denys

Nicolas Denys, trader, colonial promoter (b at Tours, France 1598; d 1688). A young La Rochelle merchant, Denys sailed for Acadia in 1632 with Isaac de RAZILLY, and spent the next 40 years trying to develop the colony.

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Billy Diamond

Billy Diamond, politician, businessman (born 17 May 1949 in Rupert House, QC; died 30 September 2010 in Waskaganish, QC). A leading figure in native politics of the James Bay region of Québec, he was a prime mover and signator of the James Bay Agreement.

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Henry Franklin Bronson

Henry Franklin Bronson, lumber manufacturer (b at Moreau Twp, Saratoga County, NY 24 Feb 1817; d at Ottawa 7 Dec 1889). In 1852 Bronson and his partner John Harris moved to Bytown [Ottawa] to exploit the timber reserves of the Ottawa Valley, bringing his family the following year.

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Thomas Cantley

Thomas Cantley, businessman, politician (b at New Glasgow, NS 19 Apr 1857; d there 24 Feb 1945). Entering the iron-forging business as a youth when his province was rapidly industrializing, Cantley rose quickly and helped develop a modern steel complex in Pictou County.

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Augustin Cuvillier

Augustin Cuvillier, soldier, banker, politician (b at Québec C 21 Aug 1779; d at Montréal 11 July 1849). He attended the Collège de Montréal and became a Montréal merchant and auctioneer, served in the militia during and after the War of 1812, and was promoted to major.

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Harry John Carmichael

Harry John Carmichael, industrialist (b at New Haven, Conn 29 Sept 1891; d at Toronto 28 Oct 1979). Born in the US of Canadian parents, Carmichael came to Canada and became president and general manager of McKinnon Industries, St Catharines, Ontario, in 1929.

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Sidney Carter

Sidney Robert Carter, art and antique dealer, photographer (b at Toronto 18 Feb 1880; d at Montréal 27 Mar 1956). Carter was an early advocate of pictorialism in photography, and by 1901-02 was exhibiting in London, the US and Canada.

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Peter J. Cashin

Peter J. Cashin, politician, businessman, soldier (b at Cape Broyle, Nfld 8 Mar 1890; d at St John's 21 May 1977). He joined the Newfoundland Regiment in 1915, served overseas and in March 1918 was promoted major in command of the British Machine Gun Corp.