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Pioneer Life

As each new area of Canada was opened to European settlement, pioneers faced the difficult task of building homes and communities from the ground up. Pioneer life revolved around providing the basic necessities of existence in a northern wilderness — food, shelter, fuel and clothing. Pioneering life was integral to family life and provided social stability for the settlement of a larger population across the country.


Cougar Annie

Ada Annie Rae-Arthur (née Jordan), (a.k.a. Cougar Annie), pioneer, businesswoman (born 19 June 1888 in Sacramento, California; died 28 April 1985 in Port Alberni, BC). Ada Rae-Arthur was a pioneer who cleared approximately 5 acres (2 hectares) of land along the northern shore of Clayoquot Sound, on Vancouver Island, British Columbia. She ran a successful nursery, post office and general store from her homestead. There, she birthed 11 children, outlived four husbands and became known for allegedly shooting and killing about 70 cougars in her lifetime. Today, Cougar Annie’s Garden is owned and operated by the Boat Basin Foundation to preserve her legacy and promote natural history.