Ken or Kenny (Kenneth Vincent John) Wheeler. Trumpeter, flugelhornist, cornetist, composer, arranger (born 14 January 1930 in Toronto, ON; died 18 September 2014 in London, England). Raised in St Catharines, Ont, where his father, Wilf, played trombone in local bands, Wheeler worked in dance orchestras and later studied trumpet with Ross MacClanathan and harmony with John Weinzweig at the RCMT. In 1952 he moved first to Montreal and then to London, where he eventually continued his studies with Bill Russo (counterpoint) and Richard Rodney Bennett (composition). By the mid-1950s Wheeler was working in London dance bands (eg, those of Roy Fox and Vic Lewis) and 1959-65 was a member of the John Dankworth Orchestra, playing at one point alongside fellow Canadians Art Ellefson and Ian McDougall. He later employed the Dankworth orchestra for his first album, Windmill Tilter.
In the 1960s Wheeler played in the bebop groups of Joe Harriott, Tubby Hayes, Ronnie Scott, and others, and at mid-decade moved into free improvisation with the bands of the drummers Tony Oxley and John Stevens. By the early 1970s he was acknowledged as one of Europe's leading players in the latter idiom. However, he maintained his interest in more conventional contemporary jazz, performing in the 1970s as soloist with bands led by Ian Carr, Mike Gibbs, John Taylor, the Canadian expatriate John Warren, and others, and arranging music for Maynard Ferguson's English band.
In 1971 Wheeler began playing in the quartet of the US saxophonist Anthony Braxton, at first occasionally in Europe and 1974-6 as a regular member for tours in Europe, the USA, and Canada. Also in the early 1970s he became a member of the Globe Unity Orchestra (based in Germany) and established his own big band in London for annual BBC broadcasts. Concurrently he worked in the city's studios and led or co-led several small groups, including Coe, Wheeler & Co (with Tony Coe), Freedom For a Change, and Azimuth (established in 1977 with the singer Norma Winstone and the pianist John Taylor). His association with Globe Unity and Azimuth survived through the 1980s.
Wheeler stood with Oscar Peterson, Maynard Ferguson, and Paul Bley among Canadian jazz musicians who have made a significant mark on jazz. This, despite a diffident personality that is legend in Britain. Unlike Peterson and Ferguson, but like Bley, Wheeler received greater critical than popular recognition, a reflection of the venturesome path he took in contemporary jazz.
It was with Braxton that he came to notice in North America. In 1975 he made the first of several small-band albums under his own name for the German ECM label with US and European musicians as sidemen, most consistently the British bassist Dave Holland (also a member of the Braxton quartet). Wheeler continued in the 1980s to perform and record extensively in Europe (see summary at conclusion of Discography) and was a member 1983-9 of the Dave Holland Quintet that toured internationally (making appearances at Jazz City in 1984 and the FIJM in 1986) and concurrently served as the core faculty at the Banff CA Jazz Workshop. Wheeler continued to teach at Banff after 1989.
On the occasion of his 60th birthday (1990), he undertook his first tour in Great Britain and to Europe with his big band, the personnel of which included several longtime associates - eg, Holland, Taylor, Winstone, and the saxophonist Evan Parker - as well as the Canadian trombonist (and Wheeler pupil) Hugh Fraser. He also performed his big band music with radio orchestras in Rome, Helsinki, and Stockholm, in 1985 with an ad hoc big band at the Music Gallery in Toronto, and in 1987 for a recording with the Guildhall Jazz Band in London.
Among his major works for big band, written in a bold, harmonically dense but richly textured manner, are Little Suite (dedicated to Booker Little, an important influence on Wheeler's trumpeting) and The Sweet Time Suite. Of his jazz themes, which are melodically graceful though given to a certain melancholia, Everyone's Song But My Own was recorded by Taylor with the saxophonist Stan Sulzmann (as the title tune of an album of Wheeler compositions), and by Oliver Jones. Other Wheeler pieces of note include Toot, Toot for big band and 3/4 in the Afternoon, 'Smatter, and Deer Wan for small group.
Wheeler's other Canadian activities included recordings in Toronto for RCI in 1976 and as the soloist in Tim Brady's Visions in Montreal in 1985. He took engagements at the Toronto club Bourbon Street in 1980 and 1981 and performed with Azimuth at Jazz City in 1980 and at Jazz City, the du Maurier Downtown Jazz festival, Toronto, and the du Maurier International Jazz Festival, Vancouver, in 1990. He appeared with Hugh Fraser at the Vancouver and Victoria jazz festivals in 1990 and with the US saxophonist Jane Ira Bloom at the Toronto festival in 1991.
as Leader, Co-leader or Featured Soloist
Windmill Tilter. Orch with soli. 1967 Fontana STL-5494
Song for Someone. Orch with soli. 1973. Incus 10
Gnu High. Jarrett piano, Holland double-bass, DeJohnette drums. 1975. ECM 1069
Kenny Wheeler Quintet. Ellefson tenor saxophone, Williamson elec piano, Young double-bass and (electric) bass guitar, Morell drums. 1976. RCI 444
The Cheque Is in the Mail [Elton Dean/Joe Gallivan/Kenny Wheeler]. Dean alto saxophone and saxello, Gallivan drums, synthesizer. 1977. Ogun OG-610
Azimuth. Taylor piano, Winstone voice. 1977. ECM 1099
Deer Wan. Garbarek tenor and soprano saxophone, Abercrombie guitar and mandolin, Towner guitar, Holland double-bass, DeJohnette drums.1977. ECM 1102
The Touchstone [Azimuth]. Taylor piano, Winstone voice. 1978. ECM 1130
Around Six. Parker tenor and soprano saxophone, Thelin trombone, Van der Geld vibraphone, Jenny-Clark double-bass, Vesala drums. 1979. ECM 1156
Double, Double You. Brecker tenor saxophone, Taylor piano, Holland double-bass, DeJohnette drums. 1983. ECM 1262
Azimuth '85. Taylor piano, Winstone voice. 1985. ECM 827520
Walk Softly [The Guildhall Jazz Band with Kenny Wheeler]. 1987. Wave 32 (CD)
Flutter By, Butterfly. Sulzmann tenor, soprano saxophone and fl, Taylor piano, Holland double-bass, Elgart drums. 1987. Soul Note 121-146
Music for Large & Small Ensembles. Orch [including H. Fraser], Abercrombie guitar, Taylor piano, Holland double-bass, Erskine drums. 1990. 2-ECM 1415, 1416 (CD and cass)
The Widow in the Window. Abercrombie guitar, Taylor piano, Holland double-bass, Erskine drums. 1990. ECM 1417 (CD and cass)
Anthony Braxton The Complete Braxton. 1971. 2-Arista Freedom 40112, 40113
- New York, Fall 1974. Arista AL-4032
- Live at the Moers Festival. 1974. 2-Ring 01010-11
- Five Pieces 1975. Arista AL-4064
- Creative Music Orchestra. 1976. Arista AL-4080
- Montreux/Berlin Concerts. 1976. 2-Arista 5002
Dave Holland Quintet Jumpin' In. 1983. ECM 1269
- Seeds of Time. 1984. ECM 1292
- The Razor's Edge. 1987. ECM 1353
Other recordings in England with Bill Bruford, Ian Carr, John Dankworth, Mike Gibbs, Joe Harriott, Philly Joe Jones, Louis Moholo, Tony Oxley, Alan Skidmore, Spontaneous Music Ensemble, Bobby Wellins, Norma Winstone, Phil Woods, and many others, in Europe with George Adams, Berlin Contemporary Jazz Orchestra, Rainer Brüninghaus, the Kenny Clarke-Francy Boland Big Band, Claudio Fasoli, Globe Unity, Friedrich Gulda, Leo Smith, Ralph Towner, and the United Jazz and Rock Ensemble, and in the USA with Pepper Adams, Bill Frisell, and the George Gruntz Concert Jazz Band. Among his recordings as a member of the Dankworth orchestra, Wheeler appears with Ian McDougall and Art Ellefson on Collaboration (1960, Rou SR-52059) and with Ellefson on Jazz from Abroad (1961, Rou SR-52096) and What the Dickens! (1963, Fontana MGF-67525).