Active Citizenship

Active citizenship is an umbrella concept regarding the rights and responsibilities of citizens. The philosophy urges people to be more engaged in the world around them. Practising active citizenship can be as simple as volunteering at a food bank or as complex as organizing with others to tackle a serious global problem, such as climate change.

What Is Active Citizenship?

Active citizenship is a concept that covers both the rights and responsibilities of citizens. Core values of active citizenship include participation and belonging to a caring community. Advocates urge people to pursue the public good above the narrower interests of their private lives. They encourage people to be more involved in their neighbourhoods, their social groups and the global community to change the world for the better.

Canada is a parliamentary democracy that gives many rights to its citizens. These include the right to vote, the right to a fair trial and the right to move freely around the country. Citizens also enjoy freedom of religion, expression, thought, belief, peaceful assembly and association.

Canadian citizenship comes with responsibilities. Citizens are expected to obey Canada’s laws and respect the rights and freedoms of others. They are also expected to participate in their communities, including voting in elections and otherwise engaging in the democratic process.

Examples of Active Citizenship

Active citizenship can refer to a broad range of activities, including petitioning, protesting, campaigning, voting and volunteering for charitable groups. One of the most important examples of active citizenship is participation in the democratic process. Any action that promotes and sustains democracy is at the core of active citizenship. It can be partisan (campaigning for a political party) or non-partisan (campaigning to get out and vote).

Volunteering lies at the heart of active citizenship. As a 2011 United Nations report stated, “Volunteerism is an act of human solidarity, of empowerment and of active citizenship.” Those who are interested in global issues might volunteer for international organizations that feed or offer health care to people in war zones and developing countries, such as Oxfam International, International Committee of the Red Cross and Doctors Without Borders. Others might help national charitable organizations, such as the Canadian Cancer Society, or local charities, such as Meals on Wheels. Some organize neighbourhood watch groups, protest unwanted development or campaign for the construction of affordable housing.

Other examples include volunteering at a homeless shelter, picking up groceries or prescriptions for housebound neighbours, attending or making presentations at community forums and organizing a network to lobby for a particular policy. Even a simple act like recycling contributes to the greater good by reducing waste.

Examples of active citizenship are many and varied. When he was 12 years old, Craig Kielburger read a newspaper account of the murder of Iqbal Masih, a boy his own age who had campaigned against child labour in Pakistan after having been enslaved himself. Fuelled by a desire to address this injustice, Kielburger and his brother, Marc, went on to found WE Charity (formerly Free the Children) to educate and mobilize youth around the world.

It can be an act of active citizenship to promote active citizenship by others. The Institute for Canadian Citizenship is a charity founded by former governor general Adrienne Clarkson and author John Ralston Saul to encourage acts of citizenship through volunteerism and other actions. One focus of the institute is to accelerate the integration of immigrants into Canadian cultural and political life.

Why Is Being an Active Citizen Important?

There are many benefits to active citizenship. A face-to-face meeting with neighbours can create a sense of community and belonging. As Vancouver community activist Charles Dobson wrote, “A culture that promotes privacy is good for business, but it’s not good for people.” Involvement in community can also reduce loneliness and social isolation.

By working in groups, people can solve problems that might have otherwise overwhelmed them individually. As well, local residents can appreciate neighbourhood needs better than municipal government workers and bureaucrats.

Some governments and nongovernmental organizations encourage civic engagement by groups that are often under-represented in legislatures, such as the poor, youth, women, immigrants and racial and sexual minorities. Their hope is that deeper democratic participation will contribute to social cohesion. In Canada, recent immigrants are encouraged to become active citizens as a way to rapidly integrate them into their chosen society.

While active citizenship asks people to look at the greater good, there is also an element of personal fulfillment. As Craig Kielburger said in 2004, “We think people have reached a point in their lives where they are asking, ‘Is this it? Is this all there is?’ We hope to inspire them to become more connected with their community, inspire them to take small and large steps to help people.”

Plain Language Summary

Canadian citizens enjoy many rights, including the right to a fair trial, free speech, freedom of religion and participation in the democratic process. Citizenship includes responsibilities, such as voting in elections. Canadians are also expected to take an active role in their communities. Doing so is known as “active citizenship.”

All Canadians are encouraged to be active citizens. It’s a good way to meet your neighbours. It also helps develop a better understanding of how Canada’s democracy works.

You can be an active citizen in many different ways. You can volunteer with charities, including packing grocery bags at a food bank. You can join a neighbourhood watch group to help reduce crime. You can help a housebound neighbour or senior citizen by doing their grocery shopping or picking up their medicine. You can help at your children’s school. You can help at your church, synagogue, mosque or other house of worship. Even a simple act like recycling is an act of active citizenship because it helps protect our natural environment.

You can also contribute by seeking to lawfully change (or maintain) Canada’s laws. This can be done by signing a petition or joining a protest march. Any action that promotes democracy is an act of active citizenship. It can be partisan (encouraging people to vote for one political party) or non-partisan (encouraging people to vote).


Further Reading

  • Robert D. Putnam, Bowling Alone: The Collapse and Revival of American Community (2000)

  • Charles Dobson, The Troublemaker’s Teaparty: A Manual for Effective Citizen Action (2003)

  • Craig and Marc Kielburger, Take Action! A Guide to Active Citizenship (2002)