André Charles Biéler

From 1927 to 1930 he lived on Île d'Orléans, Qué, painting the life of the Québec habitants with fresh insight. Having established a studio in Montréal in 1930, he survived by teaching and taking commercial art work.

Gatineau Madonna
Tempera on masonite, 1940, by Andr\u00e9 Bi\u00e9ler (courtesy National Gallery of Canada/Mus\u00e9e des Beaux-Arts du Canada, Ottawa).

André Charles Biéler

André Charles Biéler, painter and teacher (b at Lausanne, Switz 8 Oct 1896; d at Kingston, Ont 1 Dec 1989). He immigrated with his family to Montréal in 1908 and served with the Princess Patricia's Canadian Light Infantry in WWI. He studied 1920-26 at the Art Students League, Woodstock, NY, in Paris and in Switzerland with his artist-uncle Ernest Biéler.

From 1927 to 1930 he lived on Île d'Orléans, Qué, painting the life of the Québec habitants with fresh insight. Having established a studio in Montréal in 1930, he survived by teaching and taking commercial art work. Invited to Queen's in 1936, he remained as professor of art until retirement in 1963.

His concern for the position of the artist in Canada led him to organize the first conference of Canadian artists (1941), from which emerged the Federation of Canadian Artists with Biéler as first president. More importantly, it set in motion the Canada Council in 1957. He was chiefly responsible for the founding of the Agnes Etherington Art Centre, Kingston, in 1957, and was its first director. Nevertheless, painting dominated Biéler's life. An energetic and prolific artist, he drew his subject matter from life experience. Stylistically, much of Biéler's work related more to modern French painting, especially of the "School of Paris," than to contemporary Canadian movements. He made sculptures in various media, and in 1968 invented a unique pneumatic press for printmaking. In later years his painting was concerned with light and colour as he reinterpreted thousands of early sketches.


Further Reading

  • Frances K. Smith, André Biéler: An Artists' Life and Times(1980).