Brachiopoda, phylum of bivalved marine invertebrates, sometimes called lamp shells. Brachiopods attach to the seabed by a stalk and feed on particles caught in currents that are generated by their ciliated crown of tentacles (lophophore). The approximately 260 living species are relicts of some 30 000 fossil forms which inhabited Continental Shelf areas, especially during the Palaeozoic era (544-250 million years ago). They are important to geologists in establishing stratigraphic sequences useful in oil exploration and in determining shorelines and depths of ancient seas. The living genus Lingula differs little from a Cambrian fossil relative more than 510 million years old. Brachiopodlike forms are represented in the Burgess Shale, BC.
- MLA 8TH EDITION
- Nursall, J.r.. "Brachiopoda". The Canadian Encyclopedia, 08 June 2017, Historica Canada. https://www.thecanadianencyclopedia.ca/en/article/brachiopoda. Accessed 10 December 2018.
- APA 6TH EDITION
- Nursall, J., Brachiopoda (2017). In The Canadian Encyclopedia. Retrieved from https://www.thecanadianencyclopedia.ca/en/article/brachiopoda
- CHICAGO 17TH EDITION
- Nursall, J.r., "Brachiopoda". In The Canadian Encyclopedia. Historica Canada. Article published February 07, 2006; last modified June 08, 2017. https://www.thecanadianencyclopedia.ca/en/article/brachiopoda
- TURABIAN 8TH EDITION
- J.r. Nursall, The Canadian Encyclopedia, s.v. "Brachiopoda", last modified June 08, 2017, https://www.thecanadianencyclopedia.ca/en/article/brachiopoda
|Article by||J.r. Nursall|
|Date Published||February 7, 2006|
|Last Edited||March 4, 2015|