Clam, common name for any bivalve (hinged shell) mollusc, referring especially to those of economic significance burrowing in beaches or the seafloor. In Canada numerous species are fished for human consumption. On the West Coast butter and littleneck clams (Saxidomus giganteus, Protothaca staminea respectively) are most important, but the accidentally introduced Manila clam (Tapes philippinarum) is also taken. Recently, an important fishery for the geoduck (Panope abrupta, formerly P. generosa) has developed. It is the largest clam of the North Pacific, with a body weight up to 5 kg and a lifespan of up to 150 years. On the East Coast, the soft-shell clam (Mya arenaria) and the ocean quahog (Arctica islandica) are commercially important.
- MLA 8TH EDITION
- Bernard, Frank R.. "Clam". The Canadian Encyclopedia, 31 July 2018, Historica Canada. https://www.thecanadianencyclopedia.ca/en/article/clam. Accessed 21 March 2019.
- APA 6TH EDITION
- Bernard, F., Clam (2018). In The Canadian Encyclopedia. Retrieved from https://www.thecanadianencyclopedia.ca/en/article/clam
- CHICAGO 17TH EDITION
- Bernard, Frank R., "Clam". In The Canadian Encyclopedia. Historica Canada. Article published February 06, 2006; last modified July 31, 2018. https://www.thecanadianencyclopedia.ca/en/article/clam
- TURABIAN 8TH EDITION
- Frank R. Bernard, The Canadian Encyclopedia, s.v. "Clam", last modified July 31, 2018, https://www.thecanadianencyclopedia.ca/en/article/clam
|Article by||Frank R. Bernard|
|Published Online||February 6, 2006|
|Last Edited||July 30, 2014|