Metchosin, BC, incorporated as a district municipality in 1984, population 4803 (2011c), 4795 (2006c). The District of Metchosin is located on Vancouver Island overlooking the Juan de Fuca Strait and is part of the Greater Victoria area. The origin of the name is a Straits Salish word, smets-shosin, meaning "place of stinking fish" or "place smelling of fish oil," perhaps brought to bear after a dead whale washed up on the beach. Sir James Douglas, a Hudson's Bay Co trader and later governor of Vancouver Island, referred to the area as "Metchosin," which is the spelling used today.
Farmers came to the area in the early 1850s. They planted vegetables and fruit trees and raised dairy cattle, pigs and sheep. In 1883 the first of 2 Dominion quarantine stations was built. There was also a leper colony on Bentinck Island from 1924 to 1957. The expansion of Victoria after World War II led the area residents to seek incorporation as a district municipality in order to maintain their way of life.
Today Metchosin still strives to maintain its rural character and development is pursued conservatively. Smaller market gardens have replaced the original farms. The renowned Lester B. Pearson College of the Pacific, an international school, is located in the municipality.