Since time immemorial, the Peter Ballantyne Cree Nation people have inhabited lands in the northeastern part of Saskatchewan. According to Peter Ballantyne Cree Nation records, pottery shards found in the area date back 1,000 years and are specific to the Rocky Cree peoples. The nation is traditionally governed by one elected chief and 14 elected councillors. The dominant language amongst the nation is Woodland Cree.
As of February 2022, the registered population is 11,620 with the majority of members living on-reserve (6,150). The traditional land area is about 20,000 square miles, from the Saskatchewan/Manitoba border west to the west end of Trade Lake, north to Reindeer Lake, and south to Sturgeon Landing. This was the traditional hunting/gathering area of the nation’s ancestors.