timeline

Saskatchewan

Saskatchewan is part of the Prairie region and is the only province with entirely artificial boundaries. It is bordered by the US to the south, the Northwest Territories to the north, and Manitoba and Alberta to the east and west respectively.

Canola

July 15, 1870

Rupert, Prince

Government and Politics 

Transfer of Rupert's Land

The British Crown officially transferred Rupert's Land and the North-Western Territory to Canada. These lands comprise present-day Manitoba, most of Saskatchewan, southern Alberta, southern Nunavut, and northern parts of Ontario and Québec.

September 15, 1874

Government and Politics  Indigenous Peoples 

Treaty No. 4

Treaty No. 4 was signed at Fort Qu'Appelle, Sask, with Cree, Saulteaux (Chippewa) and other First Nations.

August 23, 1876

Cree Encampment

Government and Politics  Indigenous Peoples 

Treaty No. 6

Treaty No. 6 was signed at Carlton and at Fort Pitt with the Plains Cree, Woodland Cree and Assiniboine. It ceded an area of 120,000 sq. miles of the plains of Saskatchewan and Alberta.

May 08, 1882

Old Map of Western Canada.

Government and Politics 

Western Provisional Districts

Land acquired from the Hudson’s Bay Company in 1870 was divided into four administrative districts by the federal government: Alberta, Assiniboia, Athabasca and Saskatchewan. The districts, designed "for the convenience of settlers and for postal purposes," were roughly equal in size and natural resource distribution.

March 27, 1883

Regina, Aerial View

Government and Politics 

Capital of the North-West Territories Shifts

The capital of the North-West Territories (the future Alberta and Saskatchewan) shifted from Battleford to Pile O' Bones (Regina). Cree hunters harvested buffalo in the region and stacked the bones of their quarry in piles roughly 2 m tall by 12 m in diameter. The Cree believed that buffalo herds would return to visit these bones, and so named the area Oskana-Ka-asateki, "the place where bones are piled."

March 26, 1885

Government and Politics  Indigenous Peoples 

Battle of Duck Lake

Leif Crozier, with a force of 98 North-West Mounted Police, was routed by Métis under Gabriel Dumont at Duck Lake, Saskatchewan, marking the outbreak of the North-West Resistance.

April 02, 1885

Big Bear

Government and Politics  Indigenous Peoples 

Frog Lake Incident

Wandering Spirit and other Cree in Chief Big Bear's band killed nine white men at Frog Lake, Sask, during the North-West Resistance.

June 19, 1903

Regina, Aerial View

Government and Politics 

Regina Incorporated

Regina, Sask, was incorporated as a city.

February 27, 1905

Sir Clifford Sifton, politician

Government and Politics 

Sifton Resigns

Interior minister Clifford Sifton resigned from the federal Cabinet in a dispute over guarantees for separate schools in the Act making Alberta and Saskatchewan provinces of Canada.

July 18, 1905

Western Settlement

Government and Politics 

Dominion Act

The Dominion Act created the provinces of Alberta and Saskatchewan, effective September 1. Regina and Edmonton, respectively, became the capitals on July 20.

September 01, 1905

Laurier, 1905

Government and Politics 

Alberta and Saskatchewan Become Provinces

Alberta and Saskatchewan entered Canada as the 8th and 9th provinces by two federal Acts which received royal assent on 20 July. Alberta's boundary with Saskatchewan was set at 110°, though Albertans wanted 107°. The Acts (Autonomy Bills) declared that the West was to have non-denominational schools.

March 14, 1916

McClung, Murphy and Jamieson

Government and Politics 

Saskatchewan Women Get Vote

Saskatchewan women won the rights to vote and to hold provincial office.

March 31, 1928

Gordie Howe and Johnny Bower

People 

Birth of Gordie Howe

Hockey player Gordon Howe was born at Floral, Sask.

January 02, 1929

Where I Used To Live

People 

Birth of Allen Sapp

Cree artist Allen Sapp, one of Canada's foremost Aboriginal painters, was born at Red Pheasant Reserve, Saskatchewan.

February 12, 1929

People 

Birth of Philip Kives

Philip Kives, business executive who created K-tel International Inc, was born at Oungre, Sask.

September 08, 1931

Resources and Environment 

Estevan Strike

Coal miners at Estevan, Sask, went on strike for union recognition. On September 29 three strikers were killed in a clash with the RCMP.

June 19, 1934

Government and Politics 

Liberals Win in Saskatchewan

The Liberals under James Garfield Gardiner won the Saskatchewan elections.

June 15, 1944

Douglas, Tommy

Government and Politics 

CCF Triumphs in Saskatchewan

The CCF won the Saskatchewan provincial election, with Thomas C. Douglas as premier. It was the first socialist government in North America.

May 30, 1961

Resources and Environment 

Superstorm Hits Saskatchewan

An intense storm struck Buffalo Gap, Sask, pouring 250 mm of rain.

August 03, 1961

Douglas, Tommy

Government and Politics 

Tommy Douglas Leader of the NDP

Saskatchewan's Premier Tommy Douglas was elected national leader of the newly formed New Democratic Party.

October 13, 1961

Government and Politics 

First Medical Plan

The Saskatchewan Medical Care Insurance Bill, the first plan in North America providing universal coverage, was introduced in the Legislature. It received royal assent on 17 November 1961, to come into effect April 1 (later delayed to 1 July 1962).

July 01, 1962

Doctors' Strike 1962

Government and Politics 

Medicare in Effect: Doctors Strike

When the Saskatchewan Medicare Act came into force, most Saskatchewan doctors closed their offices. The Medical Care Insurance Commission brought doctors from out of province to meet the emergency.

April 22, 1964

Government and Politics 

Liberals Win in Saskatchewan

The Liberals under W. Ross Thatcher won the Saskatchewan provincial election, displacing the CCF-NDP after 20 years.

May 30, 1969

People 

Milgaard Arrested

Sixteen-year-old David Milgaard was arrested in Prince George, BC, for the murder of Gail Miller in Saskatchewan. He would be cleared by DNA evidence almost 30 years later, in 1997.

August 01, 1969

Government and Politics  Resources and Environment 

Grain Accepted for Tuition Payments

The government of Saskatchewan announced that feed grain would be accepted as payment for university tuition for children of farmers in the province. The program was to be limited to 200 students, with acceptance based on applicants’ financial need.

June 13, 1971

Allan Blakeney, politician

Government and Politics 

NDP Recapture Saskatchewan

The NDP returned to power in Saskatchewan under the leadership of Allan Blakeney.

November 29, 1974

Communication and Culture 

Saskatchewan Hijacking

Naim Djemal hijacked an aircraft over Saskatchewan, assaulted a stewardess and ordered the pilot to fly to Cyprus. He was apprehended in Saskatoon.

January 28, 1976

Potash Mine

Resources and Environment 

Saskatchewan Takes Over Potash

Saskatchewan passed legislation to take over the potash industry.

January 01, 1981

Grasslands National Park

Resources and Environment 

Grasslands National Park Established

Grasslands National Park was established. It is situated in the southwestern Saskatchewan Prairies on the CanadaUS border.

April 26, 1982

Devine, Grant

Government and Politics 

Conservatives Win Saskatchewan

Grant Devine's PC's won the general election in Saskatchewan.

May 17, 1999

People 

Milgaard Award

The Saskatchewan government awarded David Milgaard $10 million in compensation for his wrongful conviction for murder and 23 years of imprisonment. Milgaard was cleared by DNA evidence in 1997.

September 16, 1999

Roy Romanow

Government and Politics 

Saskatchewan NDP Re-elected

The Saskatchewan NDP government, led by Premier Roy Romanow, was narrowly re-elected to a minority position, with 29 seats to the Saskatchewan Party's 26 and 3 Liberals.

November 30, 1999

Lake Superior

Resources and Environment 

Freshwater Protest

BC, Alberta, Saskatchewan, Manitoba and Québec rejected a national accord that would have prohibited the export of fresh water.

September 26, 2000

Roy Romanow

Government and Politics 

Romanow Resigns

Roy Romanow stepped down as premier of Saskatchewan.

January 18, 2001

Robert Latimer

People 

Court Upholds Latimer Sentence

The Supreme Court of Canada upheld the 10-year sentence imposed by Saskatchewan Court of Appeal on Robert Latimer for the mercy killing of his disabled daughter. A jury had handed down a lighter sentence.

December 10, 2014

Government and Politics  Indigenous Peoples  People 

Perry Bellegarde Elected National Chief

Perry Bellegarde, former chief of the Federation of Saskatchewan Indian Nations and Saskatchewan regional chief of the Assembly of First Nations (AFN), was elected national chief of the AFN.

January 30, 2015

Supreme Court of Canada

Government and Politics 

Right to Strike Upheld by Supreme Court

The Supreme Court of Canada decided that the right to strike was constitutionally protected under the freedom of association clause of the Charter of Rights and Freedoms. The ruling struck down a Saskatchewan law that allowed government to prevent workers in essential services from striking.

February 15, 2015

Government and Politics  People 

Saskatchewan’s GeoMemorial Program

Saskatchewan’s GeoMemorial Program honoured eight fallen soldiers. The program names geographic locations after people whose sacrifices have “bettered our province and nation.” The new place names in northern Saskatchewan include: Goddard Lake, named for Captain Nichola Goddard; and Lang Bay, named for journalist Michelle Lang. Both were killed in Afghanistan.

December 29, 2015

Where I Used To Live

People 

Death of Allen Sapp

Cree artist Allen Sapp, one of Canada's foremost Aboriginal painters, died in North Battleford, Saskatchewan, at age 87.

April 04, 2016

Brad Wall

Government and Politics 

Saskatchewan Party Re-elected

The Saskatchewan Party won a third majority in the 2016 provincial election, giving Brad Wall a third consecutive term as premier. The election was a harsh defeat for Saskatchewan’s NDP Opposition, whose leader, Cam Broten, lost his own seat.

April 28, 2016

People 

Death of Philip Kives

Entrepreneur and TV pitchman Philip Kives died in Winnipeg, Manitoba, at age 87. Born in 1929 on a farm near Oungre, Saskatchewan, Kives showed a natural talent for sales in his youth. He worked for several years as a travelling salesman before founding K-Tel International in the early 1960s. The company marketed everything from kitchen gadgets to compilation records, and became profitable under the leadership of Kives, who personally pitched products on K-Tel infomercials and even claimed to have invented this form of advertising.

June 10, 2016

Gordie Howe

People 

Death of Gordie Howe

Twenty-one-time National Hockey League all-star Gordie Howe — known to generations of fans as “Mr. Hockey” — died in Sylvania, Ohio, at age 88. The Floral, Saskatchewan native played for 32 seasons in the major leagues, including 26 years in the NHL — 25 of these with the Detroit Red Wings. Few players have come close to matching his overall proficiency, and none his longevity.

May 27, 2017

Andrew Scheer

People 

Andrew Scheer Elected Conservative Leader

Andrew Scheer, the 38-year-old MP for Regina-Qu’Appelle and former Speaker of the House of Commons, was voted the new leader of the Conservative Party, succeeding former prime minister Stephen Harper in the role.

July 21, 2017

People 

Death of Kenny Shields

Kenny Shields, lead singer of the hard-rock band Streetheart, died in Winnipeg, Manitoba, at age 69. Streetheart formed in Regina, Saskatchewan, in 1976, and soon relocated to Winnipeg, becoming a fixture of the city’s music scene. The band performed and recorded until the mid-1980s, enjoying significant popularity in Canada and winning a Juno Award. Shields later went on to perform under his own name was inducted, with Streetheart, into the Western Canadian Music Hall of Fame in 2003.

October 05, 2017

Gas pipeline construction

Resources and Environment 

Energy East Pipeline Project Cancelled

TransCanada announced that it had cancelled plans to build the Energy East pipeline, which would have carried crude oil from Alberta and Saskatchewan to refineries in Québec and New Brunswick. From there, oil would have been exported to other countries. The company cited changing market conditions and delays in assessments carried out by the National Energy Board as reasons for its decision. The project’s supporters, including premiers Rachel Notley and Brad Wall, expressed disappointment and criticized the federal government’s approach to the review process. Energy East’s opponents, including municipalities in Québec and Indigenous communities along the proposed path of the pipeline, hailed it as a victory.