Prince of Wales Strait is situated in the Arctic Archipelago between the uplands of western Victoria Island and the east coast of Banks Island. About 275 km long and generally about 20 km wide, its depths reach 160 m at the southern end and become progressively shallower towards the northern entrance. The northeast-southwestern orientation prevents prevailing winds from driving heavy pack ice down the strait, which is primarily covered with locally formed ice that breaks up more readily, leaving a reasonably clear channel. Linking Viscount Melville Sound and Amundsen Gulf, the strait is one of 4 possible routes in the Northwest Passage and was first surveyed by a land party led by McClure in 1850, though it was not navigated until the RCMP patrol of Sgt Larsen in 1944. It has since become the preferred route of large vessels making the passage.
- MLA 8TH EDITION
- Finlayson, Douglas. "Prince of Wales Strait". The Canadian Encyclopedia, 08 June 2015, Historica Canada. www.thecanadianencyclopedia.ca/en/article/prince-of-wales-strait. Accessed 11 December 2023.
- APA 6TH EDITION
- Finlayson, D. (2015). Prince of Wales Strait. In The Canadian Encyclopedia. Retrieved from https://www.thecanadianencyclopedia.ca/en/article/prince-of-wales-strait
- CHICAGO 17TH EDITION
- Finlayson, Douglas. "Prince of Wales Strait." The Canadian Encyclopedia. Historica Canada. Article published February 07, 2006; Last Edited June 08, 2015.
- TURABIAN 8TH EDITION
- The Canadian Encyclopedia, s.v. "Prince of Wales Strait," by Douglas Finlayson, Accessed December 11, 2023, https://www.thecanadianencyclopedia.ca/en/article/prince-of-wales-strait
Prince of Wales Strait
Article by Douglas Finlayson
Published Online February 7, 2006
Last Edited June 8, 2015