Walnut (Juglans), genus of trees of the walnut family (Juglandaceae). The roughly 15 known species are widely dispersed through temperate and tropical regions. The 2 species native to Canada (butternut and black walnut) are found only in the East. Walnuts average 20-30 m high and have horizontally spreading branches. The large, compound leaves consist of 15-23 leaflets. The edible kernel, enclosed in a leathery or woody hull, is used as a table nut, for flavouring desserts (eg, ice cream) and for walnut oil. A yellow dye may be obtained from the fresh bark and from the husk of the fruit itself. Walnuts, usually in scattered stands, may grow in dry areas but prefer fertile, moist, well-drained soil. They are particularly common in shallow valleys and in alluvial plains bordering waterways. The hard, lustrous dark wood, used primarily for veneer, cabinetmaking, panelling and boat building, was common in pioneer times but is now rare.
- MLA 8TH EDITION
- Lacoursiere, Estelle. "Walnut". The Canadian Encyclopedia, 24 May 2018, Historica Canada. https://www.thecanadianencyclopedia.ca/en/article/walnut. Accessed 24 September 2018.
- APA 6TH EDITION
- Lacoursiere, E., Walnut (2018). In The Canadian Encyclopedia. Retrieved from https://www.thecanadianencyclopedia.ca/en/article/walnut
- CHICAGO 17TH EDITION
- Lacoursiere, Estelle, "Walnut". In The Canadian Encyclopedia. Historica Canada. Article published February 07, 2006; last modified May 24, 2018. https://www.thecanadianencyclopedia.ca/en/article/walnut
- TURABIAN 8TH EDITION
- Estelle Lacoursiere, The Canadian Encyclopedia, s.v. "Walnut", last modified May 24, 2018, https://www.thecanadianencyclopedia.ca/en/article/walnut
|Article by||Estelle Lacoursiere|
|Date Published||February 7, 2006|
|Last Edited||March 4, 2015|