timeline

Louis Riel

Louis Riel, Métis leader, founder of Manitoba, central figure in the Red River and North-West resistances (born 22 October 1844 in Saint-Boniface, Red River Settlement; died 16 November 1885 in Regina, SK).

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October 22, 1844

Louis Riel 

Birth of Louis Riel

Métis leader Louis Riel, who was founder of Manitoba and a central figure in the North-west Rebellion, was born at Red River Settlement [Man].

July 31, 1868

Louis Riel 

Rupert's Land Act

The Rupert's Land Act was passed, allowing the Crown to declare Rupert's Land part of the Dominion of Canada.

September 01, 1869

Louis Riel 

William McDougall Was Appointed Lieutenant-Governor

William McDougall, previously Canada's minister of public works, was appointed lieutenant-governor of Rupert's Land and the North-West Territories.

November 02, 1869

Louis Riel 

Red River Resistance

With 120 men, Louis Riel occupied Fort Garry in the Red River Colony to block the transfer of the Northwest from the HBC to Canada. The resistance resulted in the formation of the new province of Manitoba but Riel was exiled.

November 02, 1869

Louis Riel 

Métis Refuse McDougall Entry to Red River and the North West

In a show of solidarity, Métis horsemen refused North-West Territories Lieutenant-Governor William McDougall entry to their land. He was forced to retreat to the United States.

December 01, 1869

Louis Riel 

HBC Surrenders Rupert's Land

The Hudson's Bay Company surrendered Rupert's Land to the Canadian government.

December 23, 1869

Louis Riel 

Riel's Provisional Government

Louis Riel issued a Declaration of the people of Rupert's Land and the Northwest and became head of the provisional government of Red River.

January 19, 1870

Louis Riel 

Smith Meets Settlers

Donald Smith met with settlers at Fort Garry during the Red River Rebellion to present Canada's position on the transfer of the territory from the Hudson's Bay Company to Dominion ownership.

July 15, 1870

Louis Riel 

Transfer of Rupert's Land

The British Crown officially transferred Rupert's Land and the North-Western Territory to Canada. These lands comprise present-day Manitoba, most of Saskatchewan, southern Alberta, southern Nunavut, and northern parts of Ontario and Québec.

August 24, 1870

Louis Riel 

Riel Flees to US

On the arrival of General Wolseley and his troops from Canada, Louis Riel and other members of his government fled to the US.

April 16, 1874

Louis Riel 

Riel Expelled

Louis Riel was expelled from the House of Commons when he attempted to take his seat.

March 19, 1885

Louis Riel 

Riel's Provisional Government

At Batoche, a provisional government of the North-West was proclaimed, with Louis Riel as president and Gabriel Dumont as adjutant-general.

March 26, 1885

Louis Riel 

Battle of Duck Lake

Leif Crozier, with a force of 98 North-West Mounted Police, was routed by Métis under Gabriel Dumont at Duck Lake, Saskatchewan, marking the outbreak of the North-West Resistance.

May 09, 1885

Louis Riel 

Battle of Batoche

At Batoche, Métis effectively resisted General Middleton's forces for three days until drawn out of their rifle pits by a concerted attack.

November 16, 1885

Louis Riel 

Louis Riel Hanged

Louis Riel was hanged for treason at the Regina jail. He had been convicted after a trial held in Regina from 28 July to 1 August. Macdonald's refusal to grant leniency made Riel a symbol of English-Canadian oppression.