timeline

Peacekeeping

Peacekeeping is the usual term applied to United Nations military operations.

Peacekeeping Monument

November 04, 1956

Peacekeeping 

Pearson's Peace Plan

L.B. Pearson and his colleagues at the United Nations won General Assembly support for an international force to secure the cessation of hostilities in the Suez Canal crisis. Canadian General E.L.M. Burns was named commander of the UN Emergency Force.

November 24, 1956

Peacekeeping 

First Peacekeeping Troops

The first 20 Canadian peacekeeping troops arrived in Egypt.

January 11, 1957

Peacekeeping 

Canadian Peacekeeping in Egypt

HMCS Magnificent arrived in Port Said with Canadian troops and materiel to the United Nations Emergency peacekeeping force controlling the Israeli-Egyptian border.

October 12, 1957

Peacekeeping 

Pearson Receives Nobel Prize

Lester Pearson was awarded the Nobel Peace Prize for his solution to the Suez Crisis.

August 17, 1960

Peacekeeping 

Operation Congo 1960 Ends

Operation Congo 1960 came to an end. The Canadian government initiated the mission after a call for international assistance from the United Nations. At the time, the African nation had an extreme food shortage and transportation crisis. Canadian forces delivered humanitarian aid and evacuated Canadians from the region.

August 16, 1963

Peacekeeping 

United Nations Security Force in West New Guinea

The United Nations asked Canada to participate in its West New Guinea security force. The mission involved maintaining law and order in the Southeast Asian region while West New Guinea transferred from Dutch colonial control to the Indonesian government. Canadian activities included organizing airlifts, passenger transport and food deliveries.

March 13, 1964

Peacekeeping 

Cyprus Peacekeeping

The government approved a Canadian contribution to a United Nations international peacekeeping force in Cyprus.

August 09, 1974

Peacekeeping 

Peacekeepers Killed

Nine Canadian peacekeepers in the Middle East were killed when their aircraft was shot down by a Syrian missile.

April 19, 1978

Peacekeeping 

Canada Joins the United Nations Interim Force in Lebanon

Canadian peacekeepers commenced their on-the-ground participation in the United Nations Interim Force in Lebanon. The mission aided in diffusing tensions along the Israel–Lebanon border. Known as Operation Angora in Canada, the Canadian forces were initially involved in establishing and maintaining communication networks for UN troops, and later provided local security.

March 23, 1989

Peacekeeping 

Operation Salam

Canadian troops arrived in Pakistan as part of the United Nations-launched Operation Salam. The mission was to assist Afghan refugees and create land mine education programs for local de-miners. Canadian personnel taught mine clearance training instructors and mine awareness to regional non-governmental organizations.

October 16, 1991

Peacekeeping 

UN Advance Mission in Cambodia

The United Nations Security Council initiated the UN Advance Mission in Cambodia. Canadian peacekeepers would begin their participation in the mission in November 1991. The Canadians helped to insure a regional peace agreement was followed. The mission later expanded to include extensive de-mining efforts.

December 15, 1992

Peacekeeping 

Airborne Arrives in Somalia

An advance party of Canadian Airborne peacekeepers arrived at Baledogle, Somalia.

June 22, 1993

Peacekeeping 

Canada Joins UN Observer Mission Operation Lance 

Canada joined the UN observer mission in Uganda and Rwanda. Known as Operation Lance, the mission involved monitoring the border between the two countries for illegal military assistance entering Rwanda. During the mission, approximately 800,000 people were killed in what is known as the Rwandan genocide.

September 15, 1993

Peacekeeping 

Battle of Medak Pocket

Canadian peacekeepers were embroiled in the Battle of Medak Pocket in the Balkans. Canadian peacekeepers faced artillery barrages from Croatian forces. The peacekeeping forces countered with defensive fire in order to protect civilians and themselves. The battle has largely been forgotten in Canadian history. It was one of the most violent firefights involving Canadian Forces since the Korean War.

January 17, 1997

Peacekeeping 

Sexual Misconduct in Bosnia

The Canadian military reported that 57 Canadian soldiers engaged in sexual misconduct and abuse while guarding a mental hospital as part of peacekeeping operations in Bakovici, Bosnia-Herzegovina.

March 18, 1999

Peacekeeping 

United Nations Accelerated De-mining Program

Canadian participation in the United Nations Accelerated De-mining Program in Mozambique began. After prolonged periods of war, the African nation was confronted with thousands of undetonated land mines. Canadian personnel taught de-mining classes and took part in field training sessions. Land mine casualties significantly declined in the region.

November 09, 1999

Peacekeeping 

Canadian Participation in the UN Mission in Sierra Leone

Canadian participation in the United Nations mission in Sierra Leone commenced. The peacekeeping activities included delivering humanitarian assistance and supporting elections. Later undertakings involved disarmament while monitoring the ceasefire. On many occasions, Canadian personnel were in extremely dangerous conditions. Approximately 90 Canadians served with the mission.

February 23, 2000

Peacekeeping 

Canada’s Peacekeeping Mission in East Timor Ends

Operation Toucan, Canada’s peacekeeping mission in East Timor, came to an end. The United Nations International Force was involved in restoring security in the small Southeast Asian country. Canadian activities included flying supplies to UN troops and completing several humanitarian projects, such as repairs to schools and hospitals.

July 03, 2002

Peacekeeping 

Commander-in-Chief Unit Commendation

The 2nd Battalion, Princess Patricia’s Light Infantry Battle Group was awarded the Commander-in-Chief Unit Commendation by Governor General Adrienne Clarkson. The 2PPCLI BG was commended for its courageous actions during the Battle of Medak Pocket, which took place during the UN peacekeeping mission in the Balkans.

June 15, 2004

Peacekeeping 

Canadian Peacekeepers in Sudan and South Sudan

Canadian forces, under Operation Safari, began their peacekeeping rotation in Sudan and South Sudan. The Canadian personnel were serving with the United Nations Advance Mission in the area. Many were military observers. Continued instabilities have necessitated extending the mission, and Canadians have an on-and-off presence in the region.

July 31, 2007

Peacekeeping 

Operation Saturn

The United Nations Security Council established the African Union Hybrid Operation in Darfur, with assistance from the African Union. The small contingent of Canadian forces participated under Operation Saturn, providing monitoring, humanitarian aid and armoured vehicle training.

June 21, 2013

Peacekeeping 

Peacekeeping in Haiti

Canadian troops joined the international peacekeeping mission in Haiti for a six-month rotation. Only 34 personnel were sent and the mission received little government publicity, symbolizing the strained relationship between Canada and the United Nations. The Canadian contingent was embedded with Brazilian peacekeepers, the largest contributor to the Haiti mission.