Crowsnest Pass, elevation 1357 m, is situated in the Rocky Mountains, on the BC-Alberta border. The name possibly came from a story in which Crow Indians "nested" after a battle with another tribe. The area was explored extensively by the Palliser Expedition 1857-60. Extensive geological work was carried out by G.M. Dawson of the Geological Survey of Canada in 1882 and 1883, possibly in search of a railway route. A railway was built in 1898 as part of the CPR system to develop the coal potential of the area and mineral deposits of the East Kootenays of BC. From the east portal at Burmis to Fernie, 30 km southwest of the pass, are many towns and villages famous for their coal production, particularly between 1910 and 1950, when there was great demand. The most southerly of the important railway passes crossing the Continental Divide, the pass is also crossed by Highway No 3 and a pipeline.