First Nations in Quebec

There are 40 First Nations in Quebec. First Nation is one of three groupings of Indigenous people in Canada, the other two being Métis and Inuit. Unlike Métis and Inuit, most First Nations hold reserve lands, and members of a First Nation may live both on and off these reserves (see also Reserves in Quebec). While the term First Nation can describe a large ethnic grouping (e.g. the Cree Nation), in other cases it is synonymous with the term band, a word originally chosen by the federal government and used in the Indian Act. The word band describes smaller communities, such as the ones listed below. Many First Nations prefer the term First Nation over band. In terms of larger ethnic groupings, First Nations in Quebec are Algonquin, Cree, Naskapi, Mohawk, Innu, Mi’kmaq, Wolastoqiyik, Abenaki, Anishinaabe, and Atikamekw.

There are 40 First Nations in Quebec. First Nation is one of three groupings of Indigenous people in Canada, the other two being Métis and Inuit. Unlike Métis and Inuit, most First Nations hold reserve lands, and members of a First Nation may live both on and off these reserves (see also Reserves in Quebec). While the term First Nation can describe a large ethnic grouping (e.g. the Cree Nation), in other cases it is synonymous with the term band, a word originally chosen by the federal government and used in the Indian Act. The word band describes smaller communities, such as the ones listed below. Many First Nations prefer the term First Nation over band. In terms of larger ethnic groupings, First Nations in Quebec are Algonquin, Cree, Naskapi, Mohawk, Innu, Mi’kmaq, Wolastoqiyik, Abenaki, Anishinaabe, and Atikamekw.


Each point on this map represents the location of a First Nation’s administrative office. For a map of the reserves these First Nations hold, see Reserves in Quebec.
(map by The Canadian Encyclopedia, data courtesy Crown-Indigenous Relations and Northern Affairs Canada and licensed under Open Government Licence-Canada)

First Nations in Quebec

  • Algonquins of Barriere Lake (also Mitchikanibikok Inik)
  • Atikamekw d'Opitciwan
  • Conseil des Innus de Pessamit (formerly Betsiamites)
  • Conseil de la Première Nation Abitibiwinni
  • Conseil des Atikamekw de Wemotaci
  • Innu Takuaikan Uashat Mak Mani-Utenam
  • Conseil de la Première Nation Innus Essipit
  • Kebaowek First Nation
  • Kitigan Zibi Anishinabeg
  • La Nation Innu Matimekush-Lac John
  • Conseil des Atikamekw de Manawan
  • Conseil des Innu de Ekuanitshit
  • Listuguj Mi'gmaq Government
  • Gesgapegiag (formerly Micmacs of Gesgapegiag)
  • Mohawk Council of Kahnawá:ke
  • Mohawk Council of Kanesatake
  • Conseil des Innus d’Unamen Shipu
  • Conseil de la Nation Anishnabe du Lac Simon
  • Nation Huronne Wendat
  • Conseil des Abénakis d'Odanak
  • Première Nation Wolastoqiyik Wahsipekuk
  • Conseil des Abénakis de Wôlinak
  • Première Nation des Innus de Nutashkuan
  • Première Nation des Pekuakamiulnuatsh
  • Timiskaming First Nation
  • Long Point First Nation
  • Communauté anicinape de Kitcisakik
  • Wolf Lake First Nation
  • Montagnais de Pakua Shipi (or Pakuashipi)
  • La Nation Micmac de Gespeg
  • Cree Nation of Chisasibi
  • Cree Nation of Mistissini
  • Cree Nation of Nemaska
  • Cree Nation of Wemindji
  • Cree Nation of Eastmain
  • Naskapi Nation of Kawawachikamach
  • Oujé-Bougoumou Cree Nation
  • Première nation de Whapmagoostui
  • Cree Nation of Waskaganish
  • Cree First Nation of Waswanipi