Richmond HillRichmond Hill, Ont, incorporated as a village in 1872 and as a town in 1957, population 185 541 (2011c), 162 704 (2006c). The Town of Richmond Hill is located approximately 15 km north of TORONTO and is part of the Greater Toronto Area. Although popularly thought to be named after the Duke of Richmond, who stopped to rest in what was than Mount Pleasant (and before that, Miles Hill), it was most likely named in 1836 by a school teacher after Richmond Hill in Surrey, England.
Richmond Hill's development was closely linked with the development of Yonge Street, which was planned primarily as a military road by John Graves SIMCOE, the first lieutenant-governor of Upper Canada. The first permanent settlers took up land between 1798 and 1802. Early settlers included LOYALISTS, Pennsylvania-Germans and British immigrants, who came to the area to farm. Early in the 20th century several large greenhouse operations were built in Richmond Hill, and it became the "rose capital" of Canada.
Major industries are printing and publishing, information technology and automotive parts. The David Dunlap Observatory is located here. Richmond Hill was the fastest-growing community in Canada between 1986 and 1991, growing 71.3%. Famous citizens include Elvis STOJKO and the Good Brothers, a well-known country music group.