Schultz, Sir John Christian

Sir John Christian Schultz, businessman, medical practitioner, politician (b at Amherstburg, UC 1 Jan 1840; d at Monterey, Mexico 13 Apr 1896). Schultz settled at the RED RIVER COLONY in 1861. He practised medicine but increasingly occupied himself with furs, retail trade and real estate. During 1865-68 he was owner of the Nor'Wester, and in its columns attacked the "tyranny" of the HUDSON'S BAY CO. He became the leader of the small but noisy Canadian party which demanded annexation to Canada and which roused Métis fears. Imprisoned by Louis RIEL's provisional government 7 Dec 1869, Schultz escaped 23 Jan 1870 and later made his way to Ontario where he and others of the CANADA FIRST movement raised Protestant ire over the execution of Orangeman Thomas SCOTT. No mention was made of the deaths of Hugh Sutherland and Norbert Parisien for which Schultz and others were responsible. Shrewd and acquisitive, Schultz became a wealthy businessman. He was an MP 1871-82, a Senator 1882-88 and lieutenant-governor of Manitoba 1888-95. A figure of controversy, he played a key role in the troubles of 1869-70 and left a legacy of bitterness.