Sverdrup Islands, located in the High Arctic, comprise a large island, Axel Heiberg, and two smaller ones, Ellef Ringnes and Amund Ringnes. Their geological history began as an area of subsidence and sedimentation on a landmass margin. Deformation occurred, followed by a second episode of uplift. In the early Tertiary, after a long period of sedimentation, the basin sediments were folded and faulted and the present land surface was uplifted and mountains formed. Today, glaciers occupy a large proportion of the mountainous area - some reaching the sea. A narrow coastal strip of thin sediments was laid down in the early Pleistocene along the arctic shore. The discovery of these islands by the Second Norwegian Polar Expedition (1898-1902), under the command of Otto Sverdrup, led to a sovereignty dispute, settled in Canada's favour only in 1931.
- MLA 8TH EDITION
- Finlayson, Douglas. "Sverdrup Islands". The Canadian Encyclopedia, 23 May 2018, Historica Canada. https://www.thecanadianencyclopedia.ca/en/article/sverdrup-islands. Accessed 22 February 2020.
- APA 6TH EDITION
- Finlayson, D., Sverdrup Islands (2018). In The Canadian Encyclopedia. Retrieved from https://www.thecanadianencyclopedia.ca/en/article/sverdrup-islands
- CHICAGO 17TH EDITION
- Finlayson, Douglas, "Sverdrup Islands". In The Canadian Encyclopedia. Historica Canada. Article published February 07, 2006; Last Edited May 23, 2018. https://www.thecanadianencyclopedia.ca/en/article/sverdrup-islands
- TURABIAN 8TH EDITION
- Finlayson, Douglas. The Canadian Encyclopedia, s.v. "Sverdrup Islands", Last Edited May 23, 2018, https://www.thecanadianencyclopedia.ca/en/article/sverdrup-islands
|Article by||Douglas Finlayson|
|Published Online||February 7, 2006|
|Last Edited||January 23, 2014|