Scheer was born on 20 May 1979, the second child of Mary Scheer, a pediatric nurse, and James (Jim) Scheer, a librarian at the Ottawa Citizen newspaper and a deacon in the Archdiocese of Ottawa. He was one of three children, including sisters Catherine and Anne Marie.
At the age of nine, Scheer got a job as a newspaper delivery boy, which he later said helped spark his interest in politics and current affairs. He said he remembers being out on his paper route the day after Christmas, 1989, and seeing a cover photo of Romanian dictator Nicolae Ceausescu, killed by his own soldiers. The story triggered lengthy discussions in Scheer's family about the incident and whether such a thing could unfold in Canada.
Scheer attended high school at Immaculata, an Ottawa Catholic school where he was enrolled in the French immersion program. As a teenager, he also worked at the concession stands at Ottawa sporting events, and as a waiter at a local restaurant.
Scheer's first formal encounter with politics came during high school, when as part of a class on online coding, he looked up the Reform Party's website. Intrigued, he contacted the party and became involved with the 1999 United Alternative convention, a gathering of conservatives seeking to knit together a new, united, right-wing party. The result was the formation of the Canadian Alliance.
By this time Scheer was at the University of Ottawa, studying history and political science. He was also the head of the Canadian Alliance campus club, and helped Preston Manning in his campaign for the leadership of the party. Manning lost to Stockwell Day, who, as leader of the Opposition in the House of Commons, hired Scheer to work in the correspondence unit of the Opposition leader's office.
In Ottawa, Scheer met Jill Ryan from Regina. Scheer moved to Saskatchewan to finish his studies at the University of Regina. After graduation, he found work selling insurance. Scheer and Ryan married in 2003. They have five children.
Scheer left the insurance business to work in the constituency office of Canadian Alliance MP Larry Spencer. By 2004, the Alliance had merged with the Progressive Conservatives to form the Conservative Party of Canada. Its new leader was Stephen Harper, and Scheer decided to try and get elected as an MP.
He beat a former Canadian Football League lineman for the Conservative nomination in the riding of Regina-Qu’Appelle. However, he was considered a long shot in the federal election against New Democrat Lorne Nystrom, who had held the riding or parts of it for 32 years. On 28 June 2004, Scheer won the seat by just 861 votes. He was one of 99 Conservatives from across Canada sent to Ottawa that year as part of the official Opposition.
Member of Parliament
Scheer made his maiden speech in Parliament in response to the Liberal government's Throne Speech, laying out some of his philosophy on the role of the government itself. "I believe there are certain natural limits to the scope of government, that some problems need to be addressed by individual Canadians or communities or grassroots organizations," he said. "We need a government that recognizes its own limits."
Scheer was an outspoken opponent of the legalization of same-sex marriage in 2005. During contentious debates on the pending bill — which he voted against — he argued that since same-sex couples could not procreate naturally, they cannot be married. He also said that as a Catholic, he "abhorred" the fact that priests were being told they couldn't talk about their opposition to same-sex marriage.
In spite of his views, at the 2015 Conservative Party policy convention, Scheer was among those who said it was time to remove language from the party's policy handbook opposing same sex marriage, arguing it was time for policy to better reflect the values of Canadian society.
Scheer was re-elected in 2006. With his Conservatives forming a minority government, he became Assistant Deputy Speaker of the House of Commons, and Deputy Speaker after the 2008 election. He was attracted to the job, he said, because he had watched how the Liberals used the process and procedures of the House of Commons to their advantage, during their years of minority government.
Re-elected again in 2011 as part of a Conservative majority government, Scheer beat out seven other MPs in the House of Commons election for Speaker. At 32, he was the youngest person ever to hold the post. One of his most important decisions as Speaker came two years later, when he ruled that MPs should be free to deliver statements in the House or ask questions without being on a party list — a practice that had become common under the increasing control exerted by party leaders and party whips.
Conservative Leadership Campaign
In 2015, Scheer was re-elected again as MP, but his Conservatives lost power to the Liberals, ending his term as Speaker. With the resignation of Stephen Harper as Conservative leader, Scheer considered seeking the interim leadership of the party, but was encouraged by friends to pursue the permanent job instead. In the meantime, he was appointed Opposition house leader by the resulting interim leader, Rona Ambrose.
Scheer's name began circulating publicly as a potential leadership candidate in the spring of 2016. In the fall, he resigned as house leader to officially pursue the leadership.
Scheer quickly gained the support of several Conservative caucus members, but his campaign remained stuck in third-place until celebrity businessman Kevin O’Leary dropped out of the race in April 2017. O’Leary was presumed to have been in second-place behind Québec MP Maxime Bernier, the apparent front-runner in the contest. His departure gave Scheer an opening. Among other things, he made a concerted play for support among farmers in Québec, who were opposed to Bernier’s stance on abolishing supply management in the dairy industry, a policy many considered crucial to the survival of their industry.
Scheer also had the support of many social conservatives, though some suggested he should not be supported because of his refusal to reopen debates on issues like abortion or same-sex marriage — despite his personal opposition to both of them.
His policy platform also included a pledge to remove federal taxes on home heating, rescind federal funding for universities that did not guarantee free speech on campus, and provide tax credits for parents who home school their children or send them to private school.
Scheer drew frequent comparisons to Harper — and he took no issue with the comparison, saying the problem Conservatives had in the previous election was one of style, not substance. “We just need to do a better job of making our policies resonate with everyday Canadians on a more practical level,” he said.
Narrow Leadership Victory
Votes for the new leader — in which party members ranked candidates on a preferential ballot — were tallied on 27 May 2017. At the end, Scheer was declared the winner with nearly 63,000 votes in the final round of counting, over second-place Bernier, with nearly 56,000. It was a narrow victory, with Scheer capturing only 50.95 per cent of the available points under the rules of the balloting system.
His victory was largely attributed to social conservatives who had backed candidate Brad Trost as their first choice, but who also favoured Scheer on their preferential ballot. It was not until Trost’s name dropped from the ballot after the 11th round of counting that Scheer appeared unbeatable.
As leader, Scheer has vowed not to drastically alter the direction of the party from its positions and policies under Harper.