Sir Mackenzie Bowell

Sir Mackenzie Bowell, prime minister of Canada, 1894-96 (b at Rickinghall, Eng 27 Dec 1823; d at Belleville, Ont 10 Dec 1917).

Bowell, Sir Mackenzie
Bowell began his career with vigorous Orange prejudices, but by the 1880s his fighting spirit was subsumed within Conservative politics and his Orange positions had softened (courtesy National Archives of Canada/PA-27159).

Sir Mackenzie Bowell, prime minister of Canada, 1894-96 (b at Rickinghall, Eng 27 Dec 1823; d at Belleville, Ont 10 Dec 1917). Editor and owner of the Belleville Intelligencer and an active Orangeman, Bowell was first elected as a Conservative to the House of Commons in 1867, representing North Hastings until 1892 when he became a senator, retiring finally in 1906.

Bowell held several important Cabinet portfolios before he became Prime Minister in 1894 after the death of Sir John Thompson. But dissatisfaction with his leadership, particularly over such issues as the Manitoba Schools Question, soon forced his resignation on 27 April 1896. He was succeeded by Sir Charles Tupper, who actually led the Tories to defeat in 1896. Although Bowell was not politically active after his resignation, he led the Opposition in the Senate 1896-1906.


Prime Ministers of Canada

Name

Party

Term

Con.

1867-1873

Lib.

1873-1878

Con.

1878-1891

Con.

1891-1892

Con.

1892-1894

Con.

1894-1896

Con.

1896

Lib.

1896-1911

Con.

1911-1917

Union Gov

1917-1920

Con.

1920-1921

Lib.

1921-1926

Con.

1926

Lib.

1926-1930

Con.

1930-1935

Lib.

1935-1948

Lib.

1948-1957

Con.

1957-1963

Lib.

1963-1968

Lib.

1968-1979

Con.

1979-1980

Lib.

1980-1984

Lib.

1984

Con.

1984-1993

Con.

1993

Lib.

1993-2003

Lib.

2003-2006

Con.

2006-2015

Lib.

2015-

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