Nova Scotia | The Canadian Encyclopedia

Nova Scotia

Nova Scotia is Canada’s second-smallest province (following Prince Edward Island) and is located on the southeastern coast of the country. The province includes Cape Breton, a large island northeast of the mainland.

In front of the Fortress of Louisbourg, National Historic Site in Nova Scotia, 1952.
  1. June 21, 1749

    Edward Cornwallis, soldier and politician


    Founding of Halifax

    Edward Cornwallis arrived in Chebucto harbour in advance of 2,567 settlers. Work began on the town of Halifax, which replaced Annapolis Royal as the capital of Nova Scotia and established a strong British foothold in Nova Scotia.

  2. August 03, 1751

    Communication and Transportation 

    First Printing Press

    Bartholomew Green established the first printing press in Canada at Halifax.

  3. March 23, 1752

    Halifax Gazette

    Communication and Transportation 

    Halifax Gazette Printed

    Canada's first newspaper, the Halifax Gazette, was printed by John Bushell. He also published the first book in Canada on 6 December; it was an 8-page pamphlet for the government.

  4. July 28, 1755

    Acadian singer Jeanne (Doucet) Currie.


    Expulsion of the Acadians

    Between 1755 and 1763, approximately 10,000 Acadians are deported after delegates refuse to take an oath of allegiance to Britain.  Acadians, the first French community in Canada, are allies of the Mi’kmaq and possess a distinctive culture. Following the Acadian Expulsion, thousands die of disease or starvation.

  5. December 09, 1755

    Communication and Transportation 

    First Post Office

    The first post office in Canada was opened in Halifax.

  6. October 02, 1758


    First Elected Parliament

    The legislative assembly of Nova Scotia convened at Halifax. It was the first legislature in any of the British North American colonies with a popularly elected House.

  7. September 15, 1773


    Arrival of the Hector

    A group of Scottish highlanders followed a piper off the ship Hector to land at Pictou, NS. Their arrival marked the symbolic beginning of Scottish settlement in Canada, although earlier groups had previously settled in PEI.

  8. January 01, 1776

    Black Loyalists


    Slaves and Free Persons Reach Nova Scotia

    Canada developed a reputation as a safe haven for Blacks during the American Revolution, 1775-1783. The British promised land, freedom and rights to slaves and free Blacks in exchange for services rendered. Some of the Black Loyalists who reached Nova Scotia belonged to the "Company of Negroes" that had left Boston with British troops.

  9. July 01, 1782


    Enslaved Sylvia Defends Colonel Creighton

    When Lunenburg, Nova Scotia was invaded by American soldiers, Colonel John Creighton's servant Sylvia rose to his defense. Sylvia shuttled cartridges in her apron from Creighton's house to the fort where he and his soldiers were engaged in battle. She also protected the Colonel's son and valuables.

  10. September 03, 1783


    Treaty of Paris 1783

    This treaty ended the American Revolution, recognizing the independence of the American colonies. The boundary between British and American territories was set along the St. Lawrence River and through the Great Lakes. Post-war life in the United States was very difficult for British Loyalists, who endured property loss and discrimination. Many left and began to arrive in Nova Scotia, New Brunswick, Québec and Ontario. Famous migrant Loyalists include Lieutenant James Moody, Laura Secord and Richard Pierpoint.

  11. January 01, 1784


    David George

    Baptist preacher David George was a Black Loyalist from Virginia. He settled in Shelburne, Nova Scotia in 1784 and began preaching in neighbouring Birchtown. His emotional sermons drew both Black and White Christians. Using only Black community funds, George founded several Black Baptist churches and initiated a "self-help" movement that still exists.

  12. July 26, 1784


    Canada's First Race-Riot Rocks Birchtown

    After the Revolutionary War, the "Black Pioneers" were among the first settlers in Shelburne, Nova Scotia, and they helped build the new settlement. On its fringes they established their own community, "Birchtown." When hundreds of White, disbanded soldiers were forced to accept work at rates competitive with their Black neighbours the ensuing hostility caused a riot.

  13. August 16, 1784


    New Brunswick Separates

    New Brunswick was established as a separate colony from Nova Scotia.

  14. August 26, 1784


    Cape Breton Island Made Colony

    Cape Breton Island was made a separate colony from Nova Scotia.

  15. September 11, 1784


    St John I Rejoins Nova Scotia

    Saint John Island (PEI) was reunited with Nova Scotia, though it retained a separate local government.

  16. People 

    "Negro Frolicks" Prohibited

    Officials in Nova Scotia ordered "50 Handbills [to] be immediately printed forbidding Negro Dances & Negro Frolicks in [the] town of Shelburne."

  17. February 28, 1788


    Land Grants for Black Loyalists

    Governor John Parr approved a land grant at Birchtown, NS for Black Loyalist supporters of the British Crown. Of the 649 male Black Loyalists at Birchtown, only 184 received farms at all. The grant was made in recognition of the men’s service and fidelity to the Crown — often as soldiers — during the American War of Independence.

  18. March 26, 1789

    Sports and Culture 

    Pictou Academy Founded

    A Nova Scotia statute established the Pictou Academy.

  19. July 01, 1791


    Slave Case Heard at Nova Scotia Court

    Freedom for Black people was elusive, regardless of the promises made by the British at the end of the American War of Independence. Enslaved woman Mary Postell took her "owner," Jesse Gray, to court, twice, for stealing her children. He was found not guilty, even though he had sold her and her daughter.

  20. January 15, 1792


    The Black Loyalist Exodus

    The difficulty of supporting themselves in the face of widespread discrimination convinced many Black Loyalists that they would never find true freedom and equality in Nova Scotia. When offered the opportunity to leave the colony in the 1790s, almost 1,200 Blacks left Halifax to relocate to Sierra Leone.

  21. July 22, 1796

    Maroons in Nova Scotia


    The Maroons Land at Halifax

    A group of 600 freedom-fighters landed at Halifax. These immigrants, called Maroons, came from a Jamaican community of escaped slaves who had guarded their freedom for more than a century and fought off countless attempts to re-enslave them.

  22. December 17, 1796

    Thomas Chandler Haliburton, author and politician

    Sports and Culture 

    Birth of Thomas Haliburton

    Author Thomas Chandler Haliburton, the first Canadian writer to gain an international reputation, was born at Windsor, NS.

  23. January 03, 1802


    Highlanders Settle Sydney

    Three hundred Scottish Highlanders settled at Sydney, NS.

  24. December 13, 1804

    Joseph Howe


    Birth of Joseph Howe

    Nova Scotian patriot Joseph Howe was born in Halifax. He was influential in the achievement of responsible government in Nova Scotia.

  25. June 01, 1813

    HMS Shannon


    Capture of USS Chesapeake

    HMS Shannon defeated USS Chesapeake and towed the American vessel into Halifax, Nova Scotia. This victory reclaimed the honour of the Royal Navy, which had suffered from earlier defeats in ship-to-ship actions.

  26. September 01, 1813


    "Black Refugees" Set Sail 

    British Vice-Admiral Alexander Cochrane's offer of transportation for anyone wanting to leave the United States was widely circulated among the Black population. Four thousand former slaves deserted to the British side and were transported to the British colonies. About 2,000 refugees set sail for Nova Scotia from September 1813 to August 1816.

  27. October 02, 1813


    African Americans Arrive in Halifax

    Freed by the Royal Navy, a group of 133 African Americans from Chesapeake Bay arrived in Halifax.

  28. May 22, 1820

    Dalhousie University

    Sports and Culture 

    Dalhousie University Cornerstone

    The cornerstone of Dalhousie University was laid in Halifax.

  29. October 13, 1820


    Birth of Sir John Dawson

    Geologist Sir John Dawson, who was the first Canadian-born scientist of worldwide reputation, was born at Pictou, NS.

  30. October 16, 1820


    Cape Breton Island Rejoined

    Cape Breton Island rejoined the colony of Nova Scotia.

  31. January 01, 1823

    One-cent Coin


    NS Issues Coinage

    Nova Scotia became the first colony to issue coinage.

  32. March 30, 1832

    Bank of Nova Scotia, gates


    Bank of Nova Scotia Incorporated

    The Bank of Nova Scotia was incorporated.

  33. February 13, 1833

    Royal William

    Communication and Transportation 

    Royal William Launched

    The ship Royal William completed its crossing of the Atlantic from Pictou, NS, to Gravesend, England. It was the first ship to cross the Atlantic under steam power.

  34. March 03, 1835

    Joseph Howe


    Howe Acquitted of Libel

    Joseph Howe was acquitted of libel for publishing an article in his newspaper, The Novascotian, critical of Halifax's magistrates. The trial marked a turning point in the history of reform politics in Nova Scotia.

  35. January 21, 1839

    Sports and Culture 

    Acadia College Opens

    Acadia College opened at Wolfville, NS.

  36. September 19, 1839

    Communication and Transportation 

    Albion Mines Railway

    A celebration marked the opening of the first 4 kilometers of the Albion Mines Railway in Pictou County, NS. It was the second steam railway in Canada, and the first to use standard gauge.

  37. February 02, 1848

    Responsible Government


    Responsible Government in Nova Scotia

    James Boyle Uniake became leader of a new Reform government. Nova Scotia was thus the first colony in the British Empire in which responsible government was in effect. Responsible government meant that a colony enjoyed complete self-government in domestic affairs and that a government ruled only with the support of the majority of the elected Assembly (the origins of today's cabinet government).

  38. April 07, 1851


    Nova Scotia Women Disenfranchised

    The Franchise Act disenfranchised women by adding the word male to voting requirements. There had been no specific restrictions on women’s right to vote since Nova Scotia had been granted a General Assembly in 1758.

  39. June 26, 1854

    Sir Robert Borden


    Birth of Sir Robert Borden

    Prime Minister Sir Robert Borden, who headed the Canadian delegation to the Paris Peace Conference 1919, was born at Grand Pré, NS.

  40. November 16, 1857

    William Hall


    William Neilson Hall Receives Victoria Cross

    William Hall served aboard the frigate Shannon in Calcutta during the 1857 Indian Mutiny. Against all odds, Hall breached a wall of the Najeef Temple to allow British troops to overcome the mutineers. He was awarded the Victoria Cross, the first Canadian naval recipient, the first Black and the first Nova Scotian to win the prestigious medal.

  41. February 08, 1858

    Communication and Transportation 

    Railway to Truro Opens

    A railway opened from Halifax to Truro and Windsor in Nova Scotia.

  42. July 17, 1860

    Resources and Environment 

    Total Eclipse Obscured

    An American expedition, including Nova Scotia-born astronomer Simon Newcomb, arrived in northern Manitoba to observe a total eclipse, but were thwarted by clouds on the crucial day.

  43. January 03, 1863


    Sports and Culture 

    First Covered Skating Rink

    The first covered skating rink on the East Coast opened in Halifax.

  44. February 20, 1864

    Fortune, Rose


    Death of Rose Fortune

    Respected local figure and entrepreneur Rose Fortune, also considered Canada’s first female police officer, died at Annapolis Royal, NS. The daughter of Black Loyalists who moved to Annapolis Royal in 1784, Fortune built a successful cartage business that outlived her by a century. She certainly cut a figure in town, becoming Annapolis Royal’s (unofficial) police officer as she patrolled its streets and wharf.

  45. December 04, 1866


    London Conference

    Sixteen delegates from the Province of Canada, Nova Scotia and New Brunswick met with the British government in London, England. During the three month conference, delegates reviewed the Québec Resolutions — creating a document that would form the basis of the British North America Act — chose "Canada" as the name of the new country and designated it a Dominion.

  46. March 08, 1867


    British North America Act

    The British North America Act was passed by the British Parliament and given royal assent by Queen Victoria on 29 March. It came into effect on 1 July. The Act joined the colonies of Canada, Nova Scotia and New Brunswick in one federal union. In 1949, Newfoundland becomes Canada’s newest province. In 1999, Nunavut becomes Canada’s newest territory. Its creation establishes self-governance for the region’s Inuit population.

  47. July 01, 1867

    Western Settlement


    Canada Comes Into Existence

    The Dominion of Canada came into existence, consisting of Ontario, Québec, Nova Scotia and New Brunswick.

  48. October 04, 1869


    Saxby Gale Hits Bay of Fundy

    The Saxby Gale, a hurricane in the Bay of Fundy that coincided with an unusually high tide, caused extensive damage along the coasts of New Brunswick and Nova Scotia. It flooded rivers and farmland, destroyed sections of railway, and caused over a hundred deaths. The cyclone may also have caused the formation of the isthmus that connects Partridge Island, NS, to the province’s mainland.

  49. January 01, 1871

    Canadian Red Ensign (1871-1921)


    The Red Ensign in Canada

    Soon after Confederation, Canadians began flying the Red Ensign with the quartered arms of Ontario, Québec, Nova Scotia and New Brunswick in the fly. As provinces joined Confederation, the arms of Canada increased in detail. By 1921 nine provinces had joined Confederation, and the shield was difficult to recognize, especially at sea.

  50. April 01, 1873


    Wreck of the SS Atlantic

    The passenger ship Atlantic, bound for New York, foundered on a reef off Peggy's Point, Nova Scotia. More than 500 people were killed.

  51. May 13, 1873


    Mine Disaster at Westville

    The first mine disaster occurred at Westville, NS. An explosion ripped through the tunnels, and two years passed before the last of the 60 bodies was recovered.

  52. June 01, 1873

    Joseph Howe


    Death of Joseph Howe

    Journalist and politician Joseph Howe died in Halifax. Disheartened with Nova Scotia’s government system, the reform-minded journalist entered politics in 1836. His confidence in responsible government helped Nova Scotia transition its system of governance without, said Howe, “a blow struck or a pane of glass broken.”

  53. August 25, 1873

    Nova Scotia Cyclone


    Nova Scotia Cyclone

    The deadliest storm ever to hit Canada struck the Maritimes, stranding or sinking over 1,000 ships, destroying bridges, wharves, homes and churches, and leaving 500 people dead.

  54. October 27, 1874

    Communication and Transportation 

    William D. Lawrence Launched

    The William D. Lawrence, the largest wooden ship built in the Maritimes, was launched at Maitland, NS.

  55. January 14, 1875

    Communication and Transportation 

    Halifax Herald Established

    The first issue of the Halifax Herald newspaper was published.

  56. September 01, 1879


    First Trade Union

    The first trade union to be legalized in Canadian coal mines was the Provincial Workmen's Association, organized at Springhill, NS.

  57. January 01, 1884


    Municipal Vote Attempted for NS Unmarried Women

    An attempt to secure the municipal vote for widowed and unmarried women property holders failed. The legislation included the possibility of serving on school boards. When the vote came to a tie, the speaker broke it in favour of the anti-franchisers. Another attempt to get the municipal vote was passed in 1887, though school board service was revoked.

  58. January 01, 1885

    Indigenous Peoples 

    Status Indians Enfranchised in Nova Scotia

    Federal legislation put forward by Sir John A. Macdonald extended voting rights to Status Indians in eastern Canada who met existing property requirements. The federal legislation was repealed in 1898, but, unlike other provinces, Nova Scotia did not subsequently enact laws disqualifying Status Indians from voting provincially.

  59. March 04, 1886

    Sam Langford

    Sports and Culture 

    Birth of Sam Langford

    Boxer Sam Langford was born at Weymouth Falls, NS.

  60. November 23, 1887

    Communication and Transportation 

    Launch of the L’Évangéline

    Established by Valentin Landry in Digby, Nova Scotia, this Acadian newspaper was moved to Moncton, New Brunswick in 1905 and published until 1982.

  61. December 08, 1887


    Birth of John Craigie

    Plant pathologist John Craigie, who discovered the sexual process in rust diseases of wheat, was born at Merigomish, NS.

  62. May 30, 1890


    Birth of John Stuart Foster

    John Stuart Foster, a physicist who made important contributions to the study of the "Stark effect," was born at Clarence, NS.

  63. June 27, 1890

    George Dixon

    Sports and Culture 

    George Dixon Wins Championship

    Nova Scotian George Dixon won the world bantamweight boxing crown.

  64. September 01, 1890

    Sports and Culture 

    College Sainte-Anne, NS is founded

    College Sainte Anne (today Université Sainte-Anne) was founded at Church Point, Nova Scotia by the Eudist Fathers and offered instruction in French.

  65. February 21, 1891


    Springhill Mine Disaster, 1891

    One hundred and twenty-five miners were killed in a coal mine disaster in Springhill, NS.

  66. March 01, 1895


    Halifax Suffrage Association Established

    The Halifax Suffrage Association (HSA) was established with Anna Leonowens, an author and feminist, as its first president. Leonowens would become one the region’s most visible leaders in the women’s rights movement. The HSA leadership included Eliza Ritchie, who was Nova Scotia’s first female professor, and community leader Charlotte McNeill.

  67. April 24, 1895

    Slocum's Boat, Spray

    Sports and Culture 

    Slocum Sails Around World

    Nova Scotia-born Joshua Slocum set out in his small boat Spray from Boston, Mass, on his voyage around the world. He completed his journey on 27 June 1898, making him the first man to sail around the world alone.

  68. September 05, 1899

    Sports and Culture 

    Birth of Mary Creighton

    Song collector and folklorist Mary Creighton, who was a pioneer collector of folk music of the Maritimes, was born at Dartmouth, NS.

  69. December 15, 1902

    Communication and Transportation 

    First Transatlantic Radio Report

    The first transatlantic radio press report was filed from Glace Bay, NS, by a Times correspondent.

  70. July 22, 1904


    Birth of Donald Hebb

    Psychologist Donald Hebb, whose studies of development showed the importance of environmental stimulation in early childhood, was born at Chester, NS.

  71. March 20, 1907

    Two Solitudes

    Sports and Culture 

    Birth of Hugh MacLennan

    Novelist Hugh MacLennan was born at Glace Bay, NS. MacLennan won the Governor General's Literary Award five times -- more than any other Canadian author.

  72. February 23, 1909

    Silver Dart

    Communication and Transportation 

    Silver Dart Flies

    John Alexander Douglas McCurdy (1886-1961) flew the aircraft the Silver Dart for about one kilometer at Baddeck, NS. It was the first powered flight of a heavier-than-air machine in Canada and the British Empire.

  73. January 27, 1911


    Birth of Blanche Meagher

    Blanche Margaret Meagher, one of the pioneering women in the Department of External Affairs, was born at Halifax, NS.

  74. May 09, 1914

    Sports and Culture 

    Birth of Hank Snow

    Hank Snow, influential pioneer of country and western music, was born in Brooklyn, NS.

  75. July 06, 1914

    Viola Desmond


    Birth of Viola Desmond

    Viola Irene Desmond (née Davis), businesswoman and civil libertarian, was born in Halifax, NS. After a 1946 incident in which Desmond was arrested for sitting in a “Whites Only” section of a theatre in New Glasgow, NS, she fought her conviction of defrauding the government of the difference in tax — one cent — between tickets in the racially-separated sections. Though the conviction was upheld, her struggle became a catalyst for change. Desmond was pardoned by Nova Scotia Lieutenant-Governor Mayann Francis in 2010.

  76. September 19, 1914


    Margaret MacDonald Volunteers for Service

    Nova Scotian nurse Margaret MacDonald volunteered for overseas service in the First World War. She began to enlist others to serve in Europe. MacDonald was the first woman in the British Empire to achieve the rank of major.

  77. September 15, 1916


    Canadians Take Courcelette

    The 22nd Battalion from Québec, the 25th from Nova Scotia, and the 26th from New Brunswick captured Courcelette and took over 1,000 prisoners.

  78. December 06, 1917

    Halifax Explosion


    Halifax Explosion

    At Halifax, the French munitions ship Mont Blanc collided with the Belgian relief ship Imo. The resulting explosion, the largest before the advent of the atomic bomb, killed more than 1,600 people and injured 9,000 in Canada's worst disaster.

  79. January 23, 1918


    Stellarton Mine Disaster

    Eighty-eight men died in a mine explosion in the Allan Shaft at Stellarton, NS.

  80. January 31, 1918


    First Annual Meeting of NS Equal Franchise League

    The Nova Scotia Equal Franchise League held its first, and last, annual meeting. Both women and men joined the league, which provided information for any group interested. The Halifax Explosion of December 1917 so impacted its membership that the League decided its resources were better used in aiding the victims.

  81. March 26, 1921


    Sports and Culture 

    Bluenose Launched

    The schooner Bluenose was launched at Lunenburg, Nova Scotia.

  82. January 01, 1928


    Pier 21 Opens

    Pier 21 opened in Halifax, NS. The point of entry for some one million immigrants into Canada — and the point of departure for nearly 500,000 soldiers in the Second World War — it has often been called the “Gateway to Canada." Today it is a national historic site and museum.

  83. January 01, 1936

    Cape Breton Island, Coast

    Resources and Environment 

    Cape Breton Highlands National Park Established

    Cape Breton Highlands National Park was established. The park stretches across the northern tip of Cape Breton Island, occupying 948 km2 of a high plateau dotted with ponds and covered with bogs and forest. This is one of the places claimed as the site of John Cabot's landfall in 1497.

  84. June 20, 1945

    Murray, Anne

    Sports and Culture 

    Birth of Anne Murray

    Anne Murray, whose renditions of songs such as "Snowbird" made her one of the first Canadian popular musicians to enjoy international fame, was born in Springhill, NS.

  85. July 18, 1945


    Bedford Magazine Explosion

    An ammunition barge blew up at the naval magazine jetty on Bedford Basin, Halifax harbour. A chain reaction of fire, explosion and concussion rocked Halifax for a day.

  86. January 31, 1946


    Sports and Culture 

    Bluenose Sinks

    The once-famous schooner Bluenose hit a reef and sank off the coast of Haiti. The crew of 8 men was rescued.

  87. February 18, 1946

    Francis, Mayann E.


    Birth of Mayann Francis

    Mayann Francis, the first Black lieutenant-governor of Nova Scotia, was born at Sydney, NS. Francis worked in a variety of senior public service positions, including director and chief executive officer of the Nova Scotia Human Rights Commission from 1999 to 2006, and she was the first female provincial ombudsman from 2000 to 2003. She was named lieutenant-governor in 2006.

  88. January 01, 1949

    Indigenous Peoples 

    First Nations Win Right to Vote Provincially

    Except in Nova Scotia and Newfoundland, Status Indians had been barred from voting provincially. Beginning with British Columbia in 1949 and ending with Quebec in 1969, First Nations peoples gradually win the right to vote in provincial elections without losing status or treaty rights.  

  89. March 04, 1949

    Baker, Carroll

    Sports and Culture 

    Birth of Carroll Baker

    Country singer Carroll Baker was born at Bridgewater, NS.

  90. April 02, 1955

    Angus L. Macdonald Bridge

    Communication and Transportation 

    Bridge Links Halifax and Dartmouth

    The Angus L. Macdonald Bridge linking Halifax and Dartmouth opened.

  91. October 30, 1956

    Robert Stanfield


    Conservatives Win Nova Scotia

    The Conservatives under Robert Lorne Stanfield won the Nova Scotia election.

  92. November 01, 1956


    Springhill Mine Disaster, 1956

    A mine disaster at Springhill, NS, killed 39 men. Another 88 trapped men were later rescued.

  93. February 12, 1960

    Sports and Culture 

    Birth of George Elliott Clarke

    George Elliott Clarke, poet, playwright and professor, was born at Windsor Plains, NS. A prolific and award-winning writer, Clarke is a strong voice for the Black community in Canada. Clarke’s work explores the roots of both racism and diversity in Canada. His term, “Africadia,” encapsulates the fluid, intermixed and checkered history of his home province.

  94. June 07, 1960


    First Woman Elected to the Nova Scotia Legislature

    Gladys Porter became the first woman elected to the Nova Scotia legislature.

  95. January 01, 1964


    Africville Demolished

    Encouraged by media attention to Africville's "American-style ghetto," the Halifax City Planning Commission expropriated the land. Residents resisted, citing the community's proud traditions, although Africville lacked basic services such as water, sewage, and good roads. Between 1964 and 1970 residents were relocated and the community razed.

  96. February 07, 1965

    Viola Desmond Stamp


    Death of Viola Desmond

    Viola Desmond, who helped galvanize Black Canadians against segregation, died at New York City. After a 1946 incident in which Desmond was arrested for sitting in a “Whites Only” section of a theatre in New Glasgow, NS, she fought her conviction of defrauding the government of the difference in tax — one cent — between tickets in the racially-separated sections. Though the conviction was upheld, her struggle became a catalyst for change. In 2010, Desmond was pardoned by Nova Scotia Lieutenant-Governor Mayann Francis.

  97. September 09, 1967

    Robert Stanfield


    Stanfield Chosen Leader

    Robert Stanfield, premier of Nova Scotia, was elected leader of the national Progressive Conservative Party at a Toronto convention.

  98. January 28, 1968

    McLachlan, Sarah

    Sports and Culture 

    Birth of Sarah McLachlan

    Singer Sarah McLachlan was born at Halifax, NS.

  99. February 04, 1970

    Tanker Arrow Runs Aground


    Arrow Runs Aground

    The Liberian-registered tanker Arrow ran aground on Cerebus Rock in Chedabucto Bay, NS, spilling 10,500 metric tons of oil onto the water and beaches and causing catastrophic environmental damage.

  100. March 07, 1970


    Resources and Environment 

    Total Eclipse of the Sun

    A total eclipse of the sun cast a shadow 160 kilometers wide along Canada's Atlantic coast, sweeping the length of Nova Scotia and across Newfoundland.

  101. March 08, 1971


    Pier 21 Closes

    Forty-three years after its official opening, Pier 21 was closed. A gateway to Canada, one in five Canadians has a connection to Pier 21, in Halifax, NS. Roughly one million immigrants passed through its doors between 1928 and 1971.

  102. July 29, 1971

    Bluenose II

    Sports and Culture 

    Bluenose II Presented

    The Oland family presented the Bluenose II to the province of Nova Scotia as a floating maritime museum.

  103. August 16, 1971


    Hurricane Beth

    Hurricane Beth hit Nova Scotia, dumping 296 mm of rain.

  104. October 04, 1971

    Resources and Environment 

    Oil Discovered on Sable Island

    Oil and natural gas were discovered on Sable Island.

  105. December 22, 1972

    Resources and Environment 

    Whaling Moratorium

    The federal government ordered a halt to all whaling operations based out of Canadian ports. The last West Coast company had stopped whaling in 1967, so the order affected only two shore-based operations in Newfoundland and one in Nova Scotia. The Inuit are still allowed to harvest whales as part of their traditional rights.

  106. February 04, 1976

    Sports and Culture 

    Ruling on Censorship in NS

    The Supreme Court of Nova Scotia ruled that the province did not have the right to censor motion pictures.

  107. January 01, 1980

    Sports and Culture 

    Atwood Co-Published Anna's Pet

    Margaret Atwood co-published another children's book, Anna's Pet, with Joyce Barkhouse. In 1986 it was adapted for stage by Nova Scotia's Mermaid Theatre.

  108. January 01, 1984


    Nova Scotian Civil Rights Advocate Awarded Order of Canada

    Dr. William Pearly Oliver and his wife Pearleen Borden Oliver helped unite the Black community in the 1940s and 1950s. William, founder of the Nova Scotia Association for the Advancement of Coloured People (NSAACP), received the Order of Canada in 1984. Pearleen received an Honorary Doctorate from Saint Mary's University in 1990.

  109. January 01, 1984


    Lewis Elected Mayor of Annapolis Royal

    Daurene Lewis, a descendant of Black Loyalists, was elected Mayor of the Nova Scotia town of Annapolis Royal and became the first Black female mayor in North America.

  110. January 01, 1991


    Race Riot at NS High School Prompts Education Reform

    A fight between one Black and one White student at Cole Harbour District High School escalated into a brawl involving 50 youths of both races. The event mobilized provincial Black activists around the issue of unequal educational opportunities. Nova Scotia's Ministry of Education established a fund in 1995 to improve education and support anti-racist initiatives.

  111. May 09, 1992

    Westray Mine Disaster


    Westray Mine Disaster

    Twenty-six miners were killed at Plymouth, NS, when a blast triggered by the ignition of stray methane led to a chain reaction of lethal methane and coal-dust explosions.

  112. March 15, 1995


    Gerald Regan Charged

    Former premier of Nova Scotia Gerald Regan was charged with 16 counts of sex crimes.

  113. July 22, 1996

    Westray Mine Disaster


    Westray Responsibility

    The Nova Scotia government acknowledged responsibility for the 1992 explosion at the Westray mine in Plymouth, NS. Former premier Donald Cameron had blamed the miners.

  114. July 18, 1997


    MacLellan Becomes PM of NS

    Russell MacLellan was sworn in as Nova Scotia's premier.

  115. September 01, 1997

    Indigenous Peoples 

    Mi’kmaq Education Agreement

    The Mi’kmaq Education Agreement took effect in Nova Scotia. The Agreement was Canada’s first self-government arrangement that included sectorial educational protocols. It gave eleven Mi’kmaq communities control over their education systems. Since the transition, completion rates have vastly improved and have become among the highest for on-reserve students in Canada.

  116. December 01, 1997

    Westray Mine Disaster


    Westray Report Issued

    Justice Peter Richard of NS issued a report on the Westray mine disaster that cited slipshod government inspection and the mine management's disregard for safety as being responsible for the explosion.

  117. March 24, 1998


    Yvonne Atwell Elected to NS Legislative Assembly

    Yvonne Atwell, community development advocate and president of the African Canadian Caucus of Nova Scotia, became the first Black Nova Scotian woman elected to the Nova Scotia Legislative Assembly.

  118. September 02, 1998


    Swissair Flight Crashes

    Swissair Flight 111 en route from New York to Geneva crashed off Peggy's Cove, NS, killing all 229 people on board.

  119. July 01, 1999

    Pier 21

    Sports and Culture 

    Canadian Museum of Immigration Opens

    The Canadian Museum of Immigration at Pier 21, one of Halifax’s most popular historic sites, opened. The museum tells the story of the Pier, the people who passed through it, and the lives they went on to live.

  120. July 27, 1999

    Hamm, John


    PC Party Wins NS Majority

    The Nova Scotia Conservative Party won a majority of seats in the House of Assembly. Tory leader John Hamm became premier, succeeding Russell MacLellan.

  121. September 17, 1999

    Indigenous Peoples 

    Mi'kmaq Fishing Rights Upheld

    The Supreme Court of Canada ruled that treaties from the 1760s guaranteed Mi'kmaq rights to fish, hunt and log year round. The ruling sparked controversy, as the Mi'kmaq began to fish lobster out of season. Angry non-Indigenous fishermen destroyed lobster traps and other equipment, sunk a boat and carried out an armed blockade of Yarmouth Harbour, NS. The conflict ended when an agreement was reached that allowed the Mi’kmaq to fish for subsistence only.

  122. November 17, 1999

    Indigenous Peoples 

    Mi'kmaq Rights Clarified

    The Supreme Court of Canada clarified its earlier ruling (September 17) regarding Mi'kmaq (Micmac) fishing rights, stating that the ruling had been misinterpreted. It stated that the ruling applied did not guarantee open season on fishing.

  123. December 20, 1999

    Sports and Culture 

    Death of Hank Snow

    Nova Scotia-born country singer and songwriter Hank Snow died in Madison, Tennessee. During his lifetime he recorded more than 80 albums and 2,000 songs.

  124. December 31, 1999

    Resources and Environment 

    Sable Island Gas Flows

    The construction of three offshore platforms off Sable Island was completed and the first natural gas began to flow through a submarine pipeline to mainland Nova Scotia.

  125. June 09, 2009


    NDP Wins in NS

    Darrell Dexter led the NDP to a win in Nova Scotia, forming the first NDP government in Atlantic Canada.

  126. June 19, 2009


    Dexter Becomes Premier

    NDP leader Darrell Dexter was sworn in as Nova Scotia's 27th premier.

  127. February 28, 2010

    2010 Olympic Gold

    Sports and Culture 

    Men's Hockey Team Wins Olympic Gold

    The Canadian men's hockey team won the Olympic gold medal at the Vancouver Winter Olympics, defeating the US 3-2 in overtime when centre Sidney Crosby, assisted by Jarome Iginla, scored against the US. Crosby's goal is considered one of the greatest in the history of Canadian hockey.

  128. April 16, 2013

    Sports and Culture 

    Death of Rita MacNeil

    Cape Breton's "first lady of song," Rita MacNeil, died at age 68 following complications from surgery.

  129. July 16, 2013

    To Prince Edward Island

    Sports and Culture 

    Death of Alex Colville

    Renowned artist Alex Colville died at Wolfville, NS, at 92. Colville's work balanced the everyday and the extraordinary. He had been a prominent figure on the Canadian art scene since the Second World War, during which he served as a war artist. He was perhaps best-known for his meticulous depictions of common scenes in everyday life.

  130. July 29, 2013


    Death of Burnley Allan "Rocky" Jones

    Social activist on matters of human rights, race and poverty, Burnley Allan Jones died in Halifax, Nova Scotia. As a prominent attorney in Halifax, Jones was committed to human rights, criminal and prisoners' rights and labour law. He was a founding member of the Black United Front in Nova Scotia and he played a key role in creating a program for Black and Mi'kmaq persons at the Dalhousie Law School.

  131. May 23, 2016

    Toronto Maple Leafs, logo


    Death of John Brophy

    Hockey coach John Brophy, who led the Toronto Maple Leafs for two and a half seasons in the late 1980s, died in his hometown of Antigonish, Nova Scotia. He was 83. Though the Leafs’ performance during Brophy’s tenure was not the finest of its history, Brophy left his mark on several hockey leagues as a hard-nosed player and coach. He ranks second only to Scotty Bowman in professional coaching victories and holds the Eastern Hockey League record for penalty minutes.

  132. May 02, 2017


    Death of Paul MacEwan

    Paul MacEwan, former Member of the Legislative Assembly of Nova Scotia, died at the age of 74. He served in the Nova Scotian parliament for 33 years continuously (1970–2003).

  133. June 11, 2017

    Sidney Crosby with the Stanley Cup

    Sports and Culture 

    Crosby's Second Consecutive Stanley Cup and Conn Smyth Trophy

    Sidney Crosby led the Pittsburgh Penguins to a second consecutive Stanley Cup win and received the Conn Smythe Trophy for the second year in a row. Crosby became the third player to win the award in back-to-back years, after Bernie Parent (1974, 1975) and Mario Lemieux (1991, 1992).

  134. September 12, 2017


    Death of Allan MacEachern

    Former Liberal Cabinet minister Allan MacEachern, of Cape Breton, Nova Scotia, died in Antigonish at age 96. An influential parliamentarian who played a key role in passing health-care and labour legislation that helped shape modern Canadian society, MacEachern is also remembered for his contributions to Atlantic Canada and his devotion to his constituents in Inverness. He was appointed an Officer of the Order of Canada in 2008.

  135. April 18, 2020

    Nova Scotia Attacks Memorial


    Nova Scotia Attacks

    Beginning at his home in Portapique, Nova Scotia, a man wearing an RCMP uniform and driving a replica police cruiser went on a 13-hour rampage that left 22 people dead and six injured. It was the worst mass killing in modern Canadian history. Concerns were later raised regarding the RCMP’s response to the events and its handling of the manhunt. The federal and Nova Scotia governments later launched a public inquiry into the events.

  136. August 17, 2021


    Progressive Conservatives Score Upset Victory in Nova Scotia Election

    Tim Houston led the Progressive Conservatives to an upset victory over the governing Liberals. The PCs took 38.44 per cent of the popular vote and increased their seat total in the 55-seat legislature from 17 to 31. The party took advantage of early campaign stumbles by the Liberals while tacking hard to the left, promising $553 million in health care spending. It was the sixth provincial or territorial election in Canada since the start of the COVID-19 pandemic and the first in which the incumbent party lost.

Pier 21
Bonhomme Carnaval at the Quebec Winter Carnival, 2013.