Organizations | The Canadian Encyclopedia

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  • Article

    Alpine Club of Canada

    Its Canadian Alpine Journal has been published annually since 1907; The Gazette, begun in 1921 as a less formal publication, was replaced in 1986 with a quarterly newsletter. A reference library is maintained in Banff's Whyte Museum of the Canadian Rockies.

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  • Article

    Amateur Sports Organization

    The earliest athletic body organized to administer sport was the Montreal Amateur Athletic Association (MAAA). Formed in 1881, it comprised clubs for lacrosse, swimming and bicycling. The first national organization was the Amateur Athletic Association of Canada, founded in 1884.

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  • Article

    Canadian Football League (CFL)

    The Canadian Football League (CFL) began its formal existence in January 1958. It represented a merger of the Interprovincial Rugby Football Union (founded in 1907) and the Western Interprovincial Football Union (founded in 1936). Currently, the Ottawa Redblacks, Hamilton Tiger-Cats, Toronto Argonauts and Montreal Alouettes make up the East Division. The Winnipeg Blue Bombers, Saskatchewan Roughriders, Calgary Stampeders, Edmonton Elks and BC Lions play in the West Division. Each team plays 18 games in a 21-week season (June to October) to qualify for the playoffs and a chance to compete for the Grey Cup — the oldest professional football championship in North America. The league has had a colourful history that includes many memorable Grey Cup games, repeated financial difficulties, the death and rebirth of two franchises and a failed expansion to the United States.

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  • Macleans

    CFL Given New Life

    IN THE FREEWHEELING, high-scoring CANADIAN FOOTBALL LEAGUE, games are often decided in the last seconds. The Toronto-Calgary matchup at SkyDome last week wasn't one of those games.This article was originally published in Maclean's Magazine on October 11, 2004

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  • Macleans

    CFL Takes Over Toronto Argonauts

    FOR A HALF-DOZEN seasons, I've sat with friends a few rows up from a couple of TORONTO ARGONAUT season-ticket-holders who often come to SkyDome carrying briefcases.This article was originally published in Maclean's Magazine on August 11, 2003

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  • Article

    Colored Hockey League

    The Colored Hockey League of the Maritimes (CHL) was an all-Black men’s hockey league. It was organized by Black Baptists and Black intellectuals and was founded in Halifax, Nova Scotia, in 1895. It was defunct during and after the First World War, reformed in 1921 and then fell apart during the Depression in the 1930s. Play was known to be fast, physical and innovative. The league was designed to attract young Black men to Sunday worship with the promise of a hockey game between rival churches after the services. Later, with the influence of the Black Nationalism Movement — and with rising interest in the sport of hockey — the league came to be seen as a potential driving force for the equality of Black Canadians. Canada Post issued a commemorative stamp in honour of the league in January 2020.

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  • Article

    Hockey Canada

    Hockey Canada is the official governing body of hockey in Canada, representing the country as a member of the International Ice Hockey Federation.

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  • Article

    National Hockey League (NHL)

    The National Hockey League (NHL) is a men’s professional ice hockey league. Widely recognized as the world’s premier hockey league, it was established in Montréal, Québec, in 1917. The league currently includes 31 franchises: 7 in Canada and 24 in the United States. The Canadian teams are the Montreal Canadiens, Toronto Maple Leafs, Ottawa Senators, Winnipeg Jets, Edmonton Oilers, Calgary Flames and Vancouver Canucks. Teams compete annually for the Stanley Cup, the oldest professional sports trophy in North America.

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  • Article

    Right To Play

    Right To Play International is a global charitable organization that uses the power of sport and play to educate children who are facing adversity, poverty and conflict.

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  • Editorial

    The Birth of the National Hockey League (NHL)

    The following article is an editorial written by The Canadian Encyclopedia staff. Editorials are not usually updated.

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  • Article

    TSN (The Sports Network)

    The Sports Network (TSN) was established in 1984 as Canada's first national television network devoted exclusively to sports. Currently parented by CTV (since 2001), TSN has become the most widely viewed Canadian specialty channel, with nearly 8 million subscribers.

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  • Article

    World Hockey Association

    World Hockey Association, professional HOCKEY league established 1971 (first season of play was 1972-73) to challenge the NATIONAL HOCKEY LEAGUE. Canada was well represented in the new league, with teams in Ottawa, Québec City, Edmonton and Winnipeg.

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