Lower Canada | The Canadian Encyclopedia

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  • Article

    92 Resolutions

    Drafted in January 1834 by Louis-Joseph Papineau, leader of the Parti patriote, and Augustin-Norbert Morin, the 92 Resolutions were a list of grievances and demands made by the Parti patriote with regards to the state of the colonial political system. They were drafted following a long political struggle against the governor general and Château Clique and the Patriotes’ inability to produce any significant reforms. The document critiqued the division of authority in the colony and demanded a government that was responsible to the Legislative Assembly. The imperial government responded with the Russell Resolutions, which rejected their demands, preparing the way for the Canadian Rebellion.

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  • Article

    Archibald Acheson, 2nd Earl of Gosford

    Archibald Acheson Gosford, 2nd Earl of, colonial administrator (b in Ire 1 Aug 1776; d at Markethill, Ire 27 Mar 1849). Scion of a prominent Anglo-Irish family, he was an outspoken opponent of the Orange Order and strongly supported a policy of conciliation in Ireland.

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    https://www.thecanadianencyclopedia.ca/images/tce_placeholder.jpg?v=e9dca980c9bdb3aa11e832e7ea94f5d9 Archibald Acheson, 2nd Earl of Gosford
  • Article

    Baillairgé Family

    Baillairgé Family, architects, sculptors and painters active in Québec for 5 generations until well into the 20th century, the most prominent of whom are Jean, François, Thomas and Charles.

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    https://d3d0lqu00lnqvz.cloudfront.net/media/media/8974a6e6-5c11-42b1-9850-3ab323151552.jpg Baillairgé Family
  • Article

    Canada Committee

    Canada Committee, a British parliamentary committee established 2 May 1828 to settle political disputes which were paralysing representative government in Lower Canada and creating difficulties in Upper Canada.

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  • Article

    Baron Sydenham

    Charles Edward Poulett Thomson Sydenham, 1st Baron, politician, colonial administrator (b at Wimbledon, London, Eng 13 Sept 1799; d at Kingston, Canada W 19 Sept 1841).

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  • Article

    Charles-Michel d'Irumberry de Salaberry

    Charles-Michel d'Irumberry de Salaberry, British army and Canadian militia officer, military figure in the WAR OF 1812 (b at Beauport, Qué 19 Nov 1778; d at Chambly, Lower Canada 27 Feb 1829). At age 14, de Salaberry enlisted as a volunteer in the 44th Foot.

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    https://d3d0lqu00lnqvz.cloudfront.net/media/media/cda45a2f-f1cd-4579-9bf4-528f87a529dd.jpg Charles-Michel d'Irumberry de Salaberry
  • Article

    De Meurons

     De Meurons, Swiss infantry regiment raised 1781; transferred 1795 to the British army. It served in India until October 1806, then moved to England, and was sent to Lower Canada in August 1813.

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    https://d3d0lqu00lnqvz.cloudfront.net/media/media/3e2ff379-4eec-4df0-89a1-393c6c530972.jpg De Meurons
  • Article

    Elzéar-Alexandre Taschereau

    Adviser to archbishops Pierre-Flavien Turgeon and Charles-François Baillargeon, theologian for the latter to the First Vatican Council and vicar general from 1862, Taschereau became archbishop of Québec in Dec 1870 and was consecrated 19 Mar 1871.

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    https://d3d0lqu00lnqvz.cloudfront.net/media/media/3e5cc2c6-a047-4fa0-8747-bca4459849dd.jpg Elzéar-Alexandre Taschereau
  • Article

    Elzéar Bédard

    Elzéar Bédard, lawyer, judge, politician, mayor, Patriote (born 24 July 1799 in Québec, Lower Canada; died 11 August 1849 in Montréal, Canada East).

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    https://d3d0lqu00lnqvz.cloudfront.net/media/media/a187f72e-4b99-461a-ad0e-859d8eca5c37.jpg Elzéar Bédard
  • Article

    Étienne Parent

    Étienne Parent, journalist, lawyer, public servant, essayist (b at Beauport, LC 2 May 1802; d at Ottawa 22 Dec 1874).

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  • Article

    François-Xavier-Antoine Labelle

    An ardent supporter of building the CPR in 1872, he was sent as an envoy to Europe by the Canadian government in 1885 and the Québec government in 1890. In 1888 Premier Honoré MERCIER appointed him deputy minister of agriculture and colonization.

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    George Richard Renfrew

    George Richard Renfrew, furrier, businessman (born 9 February 1831 in Québec, QC; died 4 September 1897 in Shipley, England). After his father died in 1834 in Québec during a cholera epidemic, Renfrew was brought up in Montréal by an aunt and uncle.

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    https://www.thecanadianencyclopedia.ca/images/tce_placeholder.jpg?v=e9dca980c9bdb3aa11e832e7ea94f5d9 George Richard Renfrew
  • Article

    James McGill

    James McGill, fur trader, merchant, politician, philanthropist (born 6 October 1744 in Glasgow, Scotland; died 19 December 1813 in Montreal, Lower Canada). James McGill was one of Montreal’s most prominent citizens in the 18th and early 19th centuries. He grew a successful career as a fur trader into a business empire. McGill also held various positions in public office, including three terms in Lower Canada’s legislature. His will contained the endowment for McGill University. James McGill’s achievements cannot be separated from the fact that he enslaved Black and Indigenous people and profited from this practice.

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    https://d3d0lqu00lnqvz.cloudfront.net/media/new_article_images/JamesMcGill/James_McGill_portrait.jpg James McGill
  • Article

    Jean-Olivier Chénier

    See alsoREBELLIONS OF 1837.

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    https://d3d0lqu00lnqvz.cloudfront.net/media/media/0f5de7b8-17fd-4a86-83ce-b9489a3ef201.jpg Jean-Olivier Chénier
  • Article

    Lord Durham

    John George Lambton, 1st Earl of Durham, Governor General of British North America (1838), politician, diplomat, colonial administrator (born on 12 Apr 1792 in London, England; died on 28 July 1840 at Cowes). Lord Durham acted as Governor General of British North America after the Rebellions of 1837-38. He drafted the Durham report. The report paved the way for responsible government, but also called for the assimilation of French Canadians.

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    https://d3d0lqu00lnqvz.cloudfront.net/media/media/65ee2cc4-fcf5-4663-b8d2-f9ce30422a92.jpg Lord Durham