Geographical features | The Canadian Encyclopedia

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  • Article

    Bay of Fundy and Gulf of Maine

    Between about 15 000 and 10 000 years ago, as the glaciers retreated from the last ice age, parts of Georges Bank and other shallow areas were dry land; fragments of trees and mammoth teeth from this era are still found occasionally in fishing trawls.

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  • Article

    Beaufort Sea

    The Beaufort Sea coast is low lying and subject to considerable scouring by ice and erosion by storm surges. The Canadian shelf and the Yukon/Alaskan shelf form the southern boundary of the Beaufort Sea, but they have significantly different widths and alignments.

    "" // resources/views/front/categories/view.blade.php Beaufort Sea
  • Article

    Beechey Island

    Beechey Island is on the north side of Lancaster Sound off the southwest corner of Devon Island at the entrance to Wellington Channel in the Arctic Archipelago.

    "" // resources/views/front/categories/view.blade.php Beechey Island
  • Article

    Belcher Islands

    Belcher Islands are located in southeastern Hudson Bay, 100 km west of Grande Rivière de la Baleine, Québec. The total land mass of about 13 000 km2 is composed of a group of long, narrow islands, lying northeast/southwest along a very extensive coastline.

    "" // resources/views/front/categories/view.blade.php Belcher Islands
  • Article

    Bell Island

    Bell Island, 34 km2, the largest island in Conception Bay, off Newfoundland's Avalon Peninsula, is a flat outcropping of Ordovician sandstone and shale interbedded with red hematite, an iron ore.

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  • Article

    Bellot Strait

    Bellot Strait, at 71° 58´ N, separates Somerset Island from the Boothia Peninsula, marking the northernmost point on the mainland of North America.

    "" // resources/views/front/categories/view.blade.php Bellot Strait
  • Article


    The importance of Beringia is twofold: it provided a pathway for intercontinental exchanges of plants and animals during glacial periods and for interoceanic exchanges during interglacials; it has been a centre of evolution and has supported apparently unique plant and animal communities.

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  • Article

    Betula Lake

    Betula Lake, Manitoba, is a freshwater lake and resort area in Whiteshell Provincial Park, 145 km by road northeast of Winnipeg. Opened to cottage development in the 1950s, Betula is a popular swimming, waterskiing and fishing area.

    "" // resources/views/front/categories/view.blade.php Betula Lake
  • Article

    Bloodvein River

    Named, perhaps, for the red granite stripes running through the bedrock near its source, the Bloodvein River begins in the vast wilderness of the Canadian Shield, 600 km northwest of Thunder Bay, Ont, and 500 km northeast of Winnipeg.

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  • Article

    Bloody Falls

    Bloody Falls are rapids located about 15 km above the mouth of the Coppermine River in the central Arctic.

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  • Article

    Blue Mountains

    The Blue Mountains (Montagnes Bleues) is a 240 km long group of high hills along the Canada and United States border in the Eastern Townships.

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  • Article

    Bluefish Caves

    Bluefish Caves contain the oldest undisturbed archaeological evidence in Canada.

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  • Article

    Bonavista Bay

    Bonavista Bay is an inlet on the Atlantic coast of Newfoundland between Cape Freels and Cape Bonavista. Roughly 65 km wide, it contains a large number of densely forested islands that shelter the mainland from northeasterly winds and create hundreds of kilometres of virtually landlocked waters.

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  • Article

    Bonnet Plume River

    The Bonnet Plume River begins its journey in the Mackenzie Mountains on the Yukon and NWT border.

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  • Article

    Borden Island

    Borden Island, 2794 km2, is one of the Queen Elizabeth group of islands in the High Arctic. Most of the island is part of the Northwest Territories; the easternmost part of the island is part of Nunavut.

    "" // resources/views/front/categories/view.blade.php Borden Island