Science & Technology | The Canadian Encyclopedia

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  • Macleans

    Wind Power

    This article was originally published in Maclean’s magazine on November 11, 2002. Partner content is not updated.

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  • Macleans

    Windows 95 Introduced

    The world tour has been drawing huge crowds, there are souvenir T-shirts and a seemingly endless stream of articles in magazines and newspapers around the world. Everywhere there is an air of feverish anticipation.This article was originally published in Maclean's Magazine on August 21, 1995

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  • Macleans

    Wired Revolution on Campus

    Nursing professor Ellie MacFarlane is a self-confessed "technological klutz," the type of person who finds programming a videocassette recorder a daunting experience. So it was with some trepidation that she learned last year that St.This article was originally published in Maclean's Magazine on March 2, 1998

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  • Macleans

    Wireless hang-up

    Ottawa’s unprecedented efforts to woo Verizon have sparked a fierce backlash from Canada’s carriers, and questions about what’s really best for Canadian consumersThis article was originally published in Maclean's Magazine on August 19, 2013

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  • Macleans

    Wireless Internet the Next Big Tech Thing. No, really.

    HOT CURRY POWDER. That's the secret ingredient Matthew MacGillivray likes to add to his rice dishes - that or cumin. He leans over the sizzling pan and sniffs the aroma, then glances at his laptop computer - sitting right beside the stove.This article was originally published in Maclean's Magazine on March 17, 2003

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  • Article

    Women and Health

    If life expectancy is any indication of health, Canadian women are, on average, much healthier than they were 70 years ago. The life expectancy of female babies born in 1921 was 61 while female babies born today are expected to live to age 82.

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  • Article


    Woodenware, or treen, simple, small objects made entirely of wood, usually by home craftsmen who were their own carpenters, joiners, carvers and turners. Normally, woodenware was made from a single piece of wood (block or plank, rough or milled), cut, hollowed or turned but rarely joined.

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  • Article

    Woodward and Evans Light Bulb

    In 1874, Canadians Henry Woodward and Mathew Evans patented a design for an incandescent light bulb. Their invention preceded that of American Thomas Edison by several years. In fact, the second patent (issued in 1876 in the United States) was among those that Edison bought as he refined the technology to create a longer-lasting bulb. Woodward and Evans’s early work on the light bulb in Toronto has gone largely unrecognized. It was nevertheless an important development in the invention of electric lighting. Click here for definitions of key terms used in this article.

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  • Article

    Ice Resurfacers (Including Zamboni Machines)

    Zamboni ice resurfacers are used in arenas across Canada and around the world. Although Zamboni is a registered trademark, many Canadians use the term to refer to all ice resurfacers, including those produced by other companies. American Frank J. Zamboni invented the original Zamboni ice resurfacer in 1949. His namesake company is based in Paramount, California, but also has a large manufacturing facility in Brantford, Ontario. The Zamboni Company’s major competitor, Resurfice Corporation (based in Elmira, Ontario), produces the Olympia line of ice resurfacers that are used in arenas across Canada and around the world. In 2016, ICETECH Machines began producing the Okay Elektra, an electronic ice resurfacer, in Terrebonne, Québec.

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  • Article


     In Canada most zooarchaeologists study teeth, bone and marine shells, because these materials are commonly preserved on archaeological sites. Preservation of specimens depends on what happened to them before burial, the rate at which they were buried, and the burial environment.

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