History/Historical Figures | The Canadian Encyclopedia

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  • Article

    André Nault

    André Nault, Métis leader, farmer, and buffalo hunter (born 20 April 1830 in Point Douglas, Red River Colony [now Winnipeg, MB]; died 17 December 1924 in St Vital, MB). Although a kinsman of Louis Riel and always considered a Métis, Nault was not of mixed blood (his mother and father were French Canadian).

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    https://www.thecanadianencyclopedia.ca/images/tce_placeholder.jpg?v=e9dca980c9bdb3aa11e832e7ea94f5d9 André Nault
  • Article

    Andrew Graham

    Andrew Graham, fur trader (b probably near Edinburgh, Scot c 1733; d at Prestonpans, Scot 8 Sept 1815). Graham worked for the Hudson's Bay Company at Churchill, York Factory and Ft Severn (1749-75).

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    https://www.thecanadianencyclopedia.ca/images/tce_placeholder.jpg?v=e9dca980c9bdb3aa11e832e7ea94f5d9 Andrew Graham
  • Article

    Andrew Hamilton Gault

    Andrew Hamilton Gault, army officer (born in England 18 August 1882; died at Montréal 28 November 1958). Of Canadian parents, he attended McGill University. Commissioned in the 2nd Canadian Mounted Rifles, he served in the South African War and joined the Canadian Militia on return to Canada.

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    https://www.thecanadianencyclopedia.ca/images/tce_placeholder.jpg?v=e9dca980c9bdb3aa11e832e7ea94f5d9 Andrew Hamilton Gault
  • Article

    Andrew Jackson

    Born in the backwoods of the Carolinas, Jackson was the son of Scottish Irish colonists. At the young age of 13, Jackson served in a local militia as a courier during the American Revolution. It was a dangerous job.

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    https://d3d0lqu00lnqvz.cloudfront.net/media/media/1fb75c31-eec6-4962-a77e-13cd5d4f5c9d.jpg Andrew Jackson
  • Article

    Andrew Mynarski

    Andrew Charles Mynarski, Royal Canadian Air Force pilot officer, Victoria Cross recipient (born 14 October 1916 in Winnipeg, MB; died 13 June 1944 in Cambrai, France). Mynarksi served as a gunner on bomber aircraft during the Second World War. While on a mission on 12 June 1944, his plane was attacked and on fire when, rather than jumping to safety, he ran through flames to try to rescue his fellow crewmember who was trapped in the rear gun turret. Unable to extricate his friend, Mynarski parachuted safely to the ground but later died due to severe burns. His bravery earned him many posthumous commendations, including the Victoria Cross.

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    https://d3d0lqu00lnqvz.cloudfront.net/media/media/186f9410-2e14-46b5-bf86-e6b04c11dd86.jpg Andrew Mynarski
  • Article

    Andrew Onderdonk

    Andrew Onderdonk, contractor (b at New York City c 1849; d at Oscawana, NY 21 June 1905).

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    https://www.thecanadianencyclopedia.ca/images/tce_placeholder.jpg?v=e9dca980c9bdb3aa11e832e7ea94f5d9 Andrew Onderdonk
  • Article

    Ange Duquesne de Menneville, Marquis Duquesne

    Ange Duquesne de Menneville Duquesne, Marquis, naval officer, governor general of New France 1752-55 (b at Toulon, France c 1700; d at Antony, France 17 Sept 1778). He joined the navy as a boy and saw action in the War of the Austrian Succession.

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    https://www.thecanadianencyclopedia.ca/images/tce_placeholder.jpg?v=e9dca980c9bdb3aa11e832e7ea94f5d9 Ange Duquesne de Menneville, Marquis Duquesne
  • Article

    Angus McAskill

    Angus McAskill, the Cape Breton giant (b at Harris, Scot 1825; d at Englishtown, NS 8 Aug 1863). The tallest nonpathological giant on record, at maturity he was 236 cm (7´9´) tall, weighed 193 kg (425 lbs) and had a shoulder width of 112 cm and palms measuring 20 cm by 30 cm.

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    https://www.thecanadianencyclopedia.ca/images/tce_placeholder.jpg?v=e9dca980c9bdb3aa11e832e7ea94f5d9 Angus McAskill
  • Article

    Anna Haining Swan

    Anna Haining Swan, giantess (b at Mill Brook, NS 7 Aug 1846; d at Seville, Ohio 5 Aug 1888). In 1862 she joined P.T. Barnum's American Museum in New York, attracted by the monthly salary of $1000 and by the opportunity to further

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    https://d3d0lqu00lnqvz.cloudfront.net/media/media/d806cb56-1f79-412d-af67-c3a0ae02651a.jpg Anna Haining Swan
  • Article

    Anna Leonowens

    Anna Harriette Edwards Leonowens (born 6 November 1831 in Ahmadnagar, India; died 19 January 1915 in Montreal, Quebec). Anna Leonowens was an educator, author and lecturer who became famous as the British governess to the wives and children of King Mongkut (Rama IV) of Siam (now Thailand) in the 1860s. After leaving Siam, she emigrated to Canada, where she advocated for women’s suffrage, taught at McGill University and helped found what is now the Nova Scotia College of Art and Design. She was the inspiration for Margaret Landon’s historical novel, Anna and the King of Siam (1944), and the Rodgers and Hammerstein musical The King and I (1951).

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    https://d3d0lqu00lnqvz.cloudfront.net/AnnaLeonowens/AnnaLeonowens.jpg Anna Leonowens
  • Article

    Anne Brown

    Anne Brown, née Nelson, wife, mother (born 1827 in Edinburgh, Scotland; died 6 May 1906 in Edinburgh).

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    https://d3d0lqu00lnqvz.cloudfront.net/media/media/f4e95c4d-13f3-4cd4-bfc2-2fde0ed9c2c4.jpg Anne Brown
  • Article

    Anthony Henday

    Anthony Henday, explorer (probably born on the Isle of Wight, England). Anthony Henday travelled farther into western Canada than any European had before him. His journal contains important glimpses of how Indigenous Peoples may have lived at that time.

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    https://www.thecanadianencyclopedia.ca/images/tce_placeholder.jpg?v=e9dca980c9bdb3aa11e832e7ea94f5d9 Anthony Henday
  • Article

    Antoine-Denis Raudot

    Antoine-Denis Raudot, intendant of New France, 1705-10 (b 1679; d at Versailles, France 28 July 1737). He had begun a career in the ministry of marine when he and his father Jacques Raudot were jointly appointed intendant.

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    https://www.thecanadianencyclopedia.ca/images/tce_placeholder.jpg?v=e9dca980c9bdb3aa11e832e7ea94f5d9 Antoine-Denis Raudot
  • Article

    Antoine Laumet, dit de Lamothe Cadillac

    Antoine Laumet, known as “de Lamothe Cadillac,” explorer, seigneur in Acadia, commandant of Fort Michilimackinac, founder of Detroit and of the first colony in Ontario, governor of Louisiana (born 5 March 1658 at Saint-Nicolas-de-la-Grave, France; died 16 October 1730 at Castelsarrasin, France).

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    https://d3d0lqu00lnqvz.cloudfront.net/media/media/f9f6917c-f5a6-43fa-b24a-a4c0f2ecc902.jpg Antoine Laumet, dit de Lamothe Cadillac
  • Article

    Archibald Acheson, 2nd Earl of Gosford

    Archibald Acheson Gosford, 2nd Earl of, colonial administrator (b in Ire 1 Aug 1776; d at Markethill, Ire 27 Mar 1849). Scion of a prominent Anglo-Irish family, he was an outspoken opponent of the Orange Order and strongly supported a policy of conciliation in Ireland.

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    https://www.thecanadianencyclopedia.ca/images/tce_placeholder.jpg?v=e9dca980c9bdb3aa11e832e7ea94f5d9 Archibald Acheson, 2nd Earl of Gosford