Military | The Canadian Encyclopedia

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  • Article

    Frank Narcisse Jérome

    Frank Narcisse Jérome, Mi'kmaq, war hero (born 1886 in Maria, Gaspésie-Îles-de-la-Madeleine Region, QC; died 1934 in Gesgapegiag, Gaspésie-Îles-de-la-Madeleine Region, QC). Frank Narcisse Jérome was a First World War veteran from the Gesgapegiag First Nation in the Gaspé peninsula region who was recognized multiple times during the First World War for his bravery. Jérome was one of only 39 Canadian soldiers to win the Military Medal three times during the First World War, and is now recognized as one of the most honoured Indigenous veterans of the war (see Indigenous Peoples and the World Wars and Indigenous Peoples and the First World War). Jérome’s name appears on the war memorial in Gesgapegiag, Quebec.

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    https://d3d0lqu00lnqvz.cloudfront.net/WillardBolduc/National Aboriginal Veterans Monument.png Frank Narcisse Jérome
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    Frank Robert Miller

    Frank Robert Miller, CC, CBE, engineer, air chief marshal (born 30 April 1908 in Kamloops, BC; died 20 October 1997 in Charlottesville, Virginia ).

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    https://www.thecanadianencyclopedia.ca/images/tce_placeholder.jpg?v=e9dca980c9bdb3aa11e832e7ea94f5d9 Frank Robert Miller
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    Frank Stephen Meighen

    Frank Stephen Meighen. Patron of the arts, impresario, army officer, b Perth, Ont, 26 Dec 1870, d Montreal 19 Jan 1946; BA (McGill) 1889. He inherited his father's fortune and was an astute businessman involved mainly in railways and the milling trade.

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    https://www.thecanadianencyclopedia.ca/images/tce_placeholder.jpg?v=e9dca980c9bdb3aa11e832e7ea94f5d9 Frank Stephen Meighen
  • Article

    Fred Fisher, VC

    Fred Fisher, VC, student, soldier (born 3 August 1894 in St. Catharines, ON; died 24 April 1915 in St-Julien, Belgium). Lance Corporal Fisher’s act of bravery made him the first Canadian in the First World War to earn a Victoria Cross (VC), the highest award for bravery among troops of the British Empire.

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    https://d3d0lqu00lnqvz.cloudfront.net/media/media/0a50f338-3fb0-4dd9-9690-26782d9cceb4.jpg Fred Fisher, VC
  • Article

    Frederick Hall, VC

    Frederick William Hall, VC, soldier, musician, clerk (born 21 February 1885 in Kilkenny, Ireland; died 24 April 1915 near Ypres, Belgium). During the First World War, Sergeant-Major Fred Hall was the first of three soldiers, all from the same street in Winnipeg, to be awarded the Victoria Cross (VC), the highest award for bravery among troops of the British Empire. The three VCs earned by the men of Pine Street — later named Valour Road — was a feat unmatched in any other part of the Empire.

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    https://d3d0lqu00lnqvz.cloudfront.net/media/media/114b4990-06b3-494c-8d2c-c883f6b5ae19.jpg Frederick Hall, VC
  • Article

    Fred Loft

    Frederick Ogilvie Loft (commonly known as Fred or F.O. Loft), Mohawk chief, activist, war veteran, reporter, author and lumberman (born 3 February 1861 on the Six Nations reserve, Grand River, Canada West [ON]; died 5 July 1934 in Toronto, ON). Loft founded the League of Indians of Canada, the first national Indigenous organization in Canada, in December 1918 (see Indigenous Political Organization and Activism in Canada). He fought in the First World War and is recognized as one of the most important Indigenous activists of the early 20th century. His Mohawk name was Onondeyoh, which translates as “Beautiful Mountain.”

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    https://d3d0lqu00lnqvz.cloudfront.net/Fred_Loftcrop.jpg Fred Loft
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    Frederic Franklin Worthington

    Frederic Franklin Worthington, "Worthy," army officer, engineer, adventurer (b at Peterhead, Scotland 14 Sep 1889; d at Ottawa 8 Dec 1967).

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    https://www.thecanadianencyclopedia.ca/images/tce_placeholder.jpg?v=e9dca980c9bdb3aa11e832e7ea94f5d9 Frederic Franklin Worthington
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    Frederick Philipse Robinson

    Frederick Philipse Robinson, British army officer, military figure in the WAR OF 1812 (b Sept 1763, New York, US; d Sussex, England, 1 Jan 1852). Frederick Robinson was born in the British Province of New York.

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    https://www.thecanadianencyclopedia.ca/images/tce_placeholder.jpg?v=e9dca980c9bdb3aa11e832e7ea94f5d9 Frederick Philipse Robinson
  • Article

    Front de libération du Québec (FLQ)

    The Front de libération du Québec (FLQ) was a militant Quebec independence movement that used terrorism to try and achieve an independent and socialist Quebec. FLQ members — or felquistes — were responsible for more than 200 bombings and dozens of robberies between 1963 and 1970 that left six people dead. Their actions culminated in the kidnapping of British trade commissioner James Cross and the kidnapping and subsequent murder of Quebec cabinet minister Pierre Laporte, in what became known as the October Crisis.

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    https://d3d0lqu00lnqvz.cloudfront.net/media/new_article_images/FLQ/EC_2012-07-30.b1_IMG_0003-V.2 (1).jpg Front de libération du Québec (FLQ)
  • Article

    Garnet Joseph Wolseley, 1st Viscount Wolseley

    Garnet Joseph Wolseley, 1st Viscount Wolseley, KP GCB OM GCMG VD PC, army officer (born 4 June 1833 at Golden Bridge House, County Dublin, Ireland; died 25 March 1913 in Menton, France). Wolseley served with the British army in battles and campaigns across the world and was one of the best-known generals of the Victorian period. He was also a proponent of army reform and modernization. Wolseley was tasked with improving Canadian defences in the 1860s (see also Trent Affair, American Civil War, Fenian Raids) and led the Red River Expedition of 1870. He also recruited a contingent of Canadians for the 1884–85 Nile Expedition.

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    https://d3d0lqu00lnqvz.cloudfront.net/media/media/89e21b10-162b-4a13-bb39-6de65d4cd156.jpg Garnet Joseph Wolseley, 1st Viscount Wolseley
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    Gaspard-Joseph Chaussegros de Léry

    Gaspard-Joseph Chaussegros de Léry, military engineer (born 3 October 1682 in Toulon, France; died 23 March 1756 in Quebec City, QC). Chaussegros de Léry contributed to the development of New France by fortifying the colony’s towns, namely Quebec and Montreal. His relief maps of Quebec and Montreal are still regarded as accurate models of these cities. Some consider Chaussegros de Léry the father of the first truly Canadian architecture. (See also Architectural History: The French Colonial Regime.)

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    https://d3d0lqu00lnqvz.cloudfront.net/pic.jpg Gaspard-Joseph Chaussegros de Léry
  • Article

    George Cartwright

    George Cartwright, soldier, diarist, entrepreneur (b at Marnham, Eng 12 Feb 1739 or 1740; d at Mansfield, Eng 19 May 1819). Cartwright entered the British army at 16, serving in India, Ireland, Minorca and Germany, and in 1769 he went on half pay.

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    https://www.thecanadianencyclopedia.ca/images/tce_placeholder.jpg?v=e9dca980c9bdb3aa11e832e7ea94f5d9 George Cartwright
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    George Clarence Jones

    George Clarence Jones, naval officer (b at Halifax 24 Oct 1895; d at Ottawa 8 Feb 1946). Jones joined the Royal Canadian Navy in 1911 and spent WWI at sea in British warships.

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    https://www.thecanadianencyclopedia.ca/images/tce_placeholder.jpg?v=e9dca980c9bdb3aa11e832e7ea94f5d9 George Clarence Jones
  • Article

    George Cockburn

    George Cockburn, Royal Navy officer, military figure in the WAR OF 1812 (b at London, England, 22 Apr 1772; d at Leamington Spa, Warwickshire, England, 19 Aug 1853).

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    https://www.thecanadianencyclopedia.ca/images/tce_placeholder.jpg?v=e9dca980c9bdb3aa11e832e7ea94f5d9 George Cockburn
  • Article

    George Downie

    Captain George Downie, naval officer, military figure in the WAR OF 1812 (b at New Ross, Ireland; d near Plattsburgh, NY, 11 Sept 1814). George Downie joined the Royal Navy in the 1790s and was promoted to lieutenant in 1802.

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    https://www.thecanadianencyclopedia.ca/images/tce_placeholder.jpg?v=e9dca980c9bdb3aa11e832e7ea94f5d9 George Downie