Science & Technology | The Canadian Encyclopedia

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  • Article

    Canadian Colleges of Veterinary Medicine

    There are five veterinary colleges in Canada: the Ontario and Atlantic Veterinary Colleges; the Western College of Veterinary Medicine; and the faculties of veterinary medicine at the Université de Montréal and the University of Calgary.

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  • Article

    Canadian Council of Professional Engineers

    The Canadian Council of Professional Engineers (CCPE)/Conseil canadien des ingénieurs (CCI), established in 1936, is the national organization of the provincial and territorial associations that governs the practice of engineering in Canada.

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  • Article

    Canadian Institutes of Health Research

    Canadian Institutes of Health Research (CIHR) is the major federal agency responsible for funding health research in Canada.

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  • Article

    Canadian Lipid Nanoparticle Research: The Key to COVID-19 mRNA Vaccines

    COVID-19 vaccines were the first vaccines to be developed, tested, produced and delivered amid a global pandemic (see Covid-19 Pandemic in Canada). As the typical vaccine development, testing and regulatory approval process can take anywhere from 10 to 15 years, several distinctive strategies, coupled with previous research work in key areas, combined to expedite the approval of COVID-19 vaccines, especially messenger ribonucleic acid (mRNA)-based vaccines. Among the most significant of this previous work was the research undertaken by the team of Pieter Cullis, Michael Hope and Thomas Madden at the University of British Columbia that began in the early 1980s. Their work, which focused on studying and developing lipid nanoparticles (LNPs), as well as pioneering the technology to produce them, provided the key to making COVID-19 mRNA vaccines possible.

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  • Article

    Canadian Liver Foundation

    The Canadian Liver Foundation is the first organization in the world to devote itself exclusively to providing support for education and research into the causes and treatment of diseases of the liver.

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  • Article

    Canadian Lung Association

    Canadian Lung Association, Canada's first national voluntary health organization, was founded in 1900. Its roots were in the former Canadian Tuberculosis Association.

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  • Article

    Canadian Medical Association

    Canadian Medical Association, est 1867 by 167 doctors in Québec City. It is a voluntary federation of 10 autonomous provincial medical associations united at the national level and now represents the majority of English- and French-speaking physicians across Canada.

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  • Macleans

    Canadian Shares Nobel Prize

    Retired Hamilton restaurateur Max Mintz can still recall the two teenage boys. Following the death of their mother in 1956, David and Myron would often visit Mintz’s diner, the Chicken Roost, brought by their father, dentist Jess Scholes.This article was originally published in Maclean's Magazine on October 27, 1997

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  • List

    Canadians in Space

    In 1983, the National Research Council of Canada created the Canadian Astronaut Program (now run by the Canadian Space Agency (CSA)). Since the first recruitment campaign in 1983, 14 Canadians have completed astronaut training and 9 have participated in missions to space (see Canadian Astronauts). A minority of Canadians have joined orbital or suborbital flights as citizen-astronauts or space tourists. The following list includes information about Canadians who have travelled to space as astronauts, citizen-astronauts or space tourists.

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  • Article

    Carleton Lamont MacMillan

    Carleton Lamont “Monty” MacMillan, CM, physician, politician, writer (born April 1903 in Goldboro, Guysborough County, Nova Scotia; died 10 February 1978 in Baddeck, Nova Scotia). MacMillan established a medical practice in Baddeck, where he practiced for nearly 40 years (1928–66). He was also a Liberal Member of the Legislative Assembly, representing Victoria County in the Nova Scotia House of Assembly from 1949 to 1967. MacMillan wrote Memoirs of a Cape Breton Doctor (1975), which has been compared to veterinarian James Herriot’s All Creatures Great and Small (1972).

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  • Article

    Carlyle Smith Beals

    Carlyle Smith Beals, astronomer (b at Canso, NS 29 June 1899; d at Ottawa 2 July 1979). Astronomer and assistant director of the Dominion Astrophysical Observatory, Victoria, BC, until 1946, Beals was Dominion Astronomer in Ottawa until his retirement in 1964.

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  • Article

    Carmen and Elin Corneil

    Carmen Corneil graduated from the UNIVERSITY OF TORONTO department of architecture in 1957, receiving a Pilkington national scholarship, a Royal Architecture Institute of Canada medal and a Wegman travel scholarship.

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  • Article

    Catherine Wisnicki

    Catherine Mary Wisnicki (née Chard), architect (born 19 September 1919 in Winnipeg, MB; died 21 October 2014 in Naramata, BC).

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  • Article

    Cecil Scott Burgess

    Cecil Scott Burgess, architect, professor (b at Bombay (Mumbai), India 4 Oct 1870; d at Edmonton 12 Nov 1971). Cecil Scott Burgess helped bring English Arts and Crafts architectural and design ideals into Canada. His public lectures provided a bridge between the profession and the public.

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  • Article

    Cecilia Krieger

    Cypra Cecilia Krieger, mathematician, professor (born 9 April 1894 in Jasło, Galicia [Poland]; died 17 August 1974 in Toronto, ON). Krieger was the first woman to receive a doctorate in mathematics from a Canadian university (the University of Toronto) and only the third person to be awarded a mathematics doctorate in Canada. She taught mathematics and physics at the University of Toronto for over 30 years. Krieger is best known for her English translation of noted mathematical texts Introduction to General Typology and General Typology.

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