Communities & Sociology | The Canadian Encyclopedia

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  • Article

    Arthur Ewert

    Arthur Ewert (b Germany 1890; d Germany 1959), early communist agent in Canada. Ewert immigrated to Canada with his wife Elise in 1914, was arrested in Toronto 23 Mar 1919 under the pseudonym Arthur Brown and expelled as a subversive alien.

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  • Article

    Arthur Reginald Marsden Lower

    Arthur Reginald Marsden Lower, historian (b at Barrie, Ont 12 Aug 1889; d at Kingston, Ont 7 Jan 1988).

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  • Article

    Arthur Romano

    Arthur Romano. Saxophonist, clarinetist, oboist, english hornist, teacher, b Naples 23 Mar 1914, naturalized Canadian, d Montreal 16 Jan 1964. He studied with his father, Giulio, with Alfred Gallodoro in New York, and with Marcel Mule in France, and at first played in cabarets.

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  • Article

    Arthur Shilling

    In May 1983 Shilling was one of 7 Canadian artists invited by Governor General Edward Schreyer to show at Rideau Hall, Ottawa. His paintings are in many corporate and private collections throughout North America. His life is documented in the film The Beauty of My People (NFB, 1978).

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  • Article

    Arthur Sutherland Piggott Woodhouse

    Arthur Sutherland Piggott Woodhouse, teacher, scholar, humanist (b at Port Hope, Ont 27 Sept 1895; d at Toronto 31 Oct 1964). He was educated at U of T and Harvard, taught for 5 years at U of Man and joined the Faculty of English at U of T in 1928.

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  • Article

    Arthur William Delamont

    Arthur (William) Delamont. Bandmaster, cornetist, b Hereford, England, 25 Jan 1892, d Vancouver 11 Sep 1982. He played clarinet and later cornet with his father and brothers in a Salvation Army band in Hereford.

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  • Article

    Assemblies of Christians

    The Assemblies of Christians, a universal low-profile fellowship of orthodox believers of the restorationist tradition (sometimes satirically referred to as the Two-by-Twos), was introduced into Canada and Newfoundland around 1904.

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  • Article

    Assembly of First Nations

    The Assembly of First Nations (AFN) is a political organization representing approximately 900,000 First Nations citizens in Canada. The AFN advocates on behalf of First Nations on issues such as treaties, Indigenous rights, and land and resources. The AFN's Chiefs assemblies are held at least twice a year, where chiefs from each First Nation pass resolutions to direct the organization’s work. There are over 600 First Nations in Canada.

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  • Article


    The Assiniboine (also known as Nakoda Oyadebi) are an Indigenous people in Canada. Traditionally occupying the Plains, Assiniboine communities can be found mainly in Saskatchewan and Alberta in Canada, but also throughout parts of Canada and the United States. (See also Plains Indigenous Peoples in Canada.)

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  • Article


    Following various social upheavals linked to epidemics at the time of contact and during the violent Iroquois Wars in the mid-17th century in these regions, a complete reorganization took place among nomadic hunters in Québec, and various groups, hitherto distinct, began to band together.

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  • Article

    Audrey Mildmay

    (Grace) Audrey (Louisa St. John) Mildmay. Soprano, b Hurstmonceaux, Sussex, 19 Dec 1900, d Glyndebourne, England, 31 May 1953. She was three months old when her father accepted a post as vicar of the Church of England parish in Penticton, BC.

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  • Article

    Augustines de la Miséricorde de Jésus

    Since 1946 a federation has also existed in France, with its generalate in Rennes. In 1996 there were 350 sisters (down from 515 in 1986). The generalate is in Sillery, Québec.

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  • Article

    Tattannoeuck (Augustus)

    Tattannoeuck (Inuktitut for “it is full” or “the belly,” also known as Augustus), Inuit hunter, interpreter (born in the late 1700s, north of Churchill, MB; died in late February or early March 1834 near Fort Resolution, NT).

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  • Article

    Augustus Bridle

    Augustus (John) Bridle. Critic, writer, editor, b East Stour, Dorsetshire, England, 4 Mar 1868, d Toronto 21 Dec 1952. Of illegitimate birth and orphaned in infancy, he became a ward of the Rev T.B. Stephenson, founder of the National Children's Home in London.

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  • Macleans

    Auschwitz Survivor Remembers

    This article was originally published in Maclean’s magazine on January 23, 1995. Partner content is not updated. Next week marks the 50th anniversary of the liberation of Auschwitz, the infamous Nazi death camp that has come to symbolize the Holocaust.

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