Sports & Recreation | The Canadian Encyclopedia

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  • Article

    "All the Rage”: Women’s Hockey in Central Canada 1915–1920

    As the First World War dragged on in Europe, a group of remarkable young women turned the hockey world upside down.

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  • Article

    Allison Higson

    Allison Higson, swimmer (b at Mississauga, Ont 13 Mar 1973). Higson established 11 age group records at a single meet in December 1985.

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  • Article

    Aloha Wanderwell

    Aloha Wanderwell, adventurer (b Idris Hall at Winnipeg 13 October 1906; d at Newport Beach, California 4 June 1996). Aloha Wanderwell was the daughter of British Army reservist Herbert Hall, an extremely prosperous Vancouver Island rancher and developer.

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  • Article

    Alphonso Davies

    Alphonso Boyle Davies, soccer player (born 2 November 2000 in Buduburam, Ghana). Alphonso Davies is one of the world’s most promising young soccer stars. The youngest player ever on Team Canada, he was named the Canadian Men’s Player of the Year in 2018 and 2020. After being named an MLS All-Star and the Player of the Year with Vancouver Whitecaps FC in 2018, he signed a six-year contract with FC Bayern Munich of the Bundesliga in 2019. He was named the Bundesliga Rookie of the Season in 2019–20 and became the first Canadian men’s international to play on a team that won the Champions League. In 2020, he received the Lionel Conacher Award as Canada’s top male athlete and was a co-winner, with football player Laurent Duvernay-Tardif, of the Lou Marsh Trophy (now the Northern Star Award) as Canada’s athlete of the year.

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  • Article

    Alwyn Morris

    Alwyn Morris, CM, canoeist, kayaker (born 22 November 1957 in Kahnawake, QC). Alwyn Morris won the K-1 1,000 m and K-1 500 m junior national championships in 1977. With Hugh Fisher, he won a gold medal in the K-2 1,000 m and a bronze medal in the K-2 500 m at the 1984 Los Angeles Olympics. Morris has won the Tom Longboat Award twice and was named to the Order of Canada.

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  • Interview

    In Conversation with Kaillie Humphries

    In September 2013, author Jeremy Freeborn interviewed Olympic and world champion bobsledder Kaillie Humphries for The Canadian Encyclopedia (via e-mail exchange).

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  • Article

    Andre De Grasse

    Andre De Grasse, OOnt, sprinter, philanthropist (born 10 November 1994 in Scarborough, ON). Andre De Grasse is the first Canadian to break both the 10-second barrier in the 100 m dash and the 20-second barrier in the 200 m dash. He burst onto the international stage at age 20, winning double gold at the 2015 Pan American Games in Toronto, followed by a bronze medal in the 100 m at the 2015 World Track and Field Championships. At the 2016 Olympic Summer Games, De Grasse won silver in the 200 m, bronze in the 100 m and bronze in the 4x100 m relay. At the 2020 Games, he won gold in the 200 m, bronze in the 100 m and silver in the 4x100 m relay. He is the first Canadian sprinter to win three medals at a single Olympic Games. He also holds the Canadian record in the 200 m (19.62 seconds).

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  • Article

    Andrew Harris

    Andrew Harris, football player, coach, executive (born 24 April 1987 in Winnipeg, Manitoba). Andrew Harris was one of the best running backs in the history of the Canadian Football League (CFL). He played with the BC Lions (2010–15), Winnipeg Blue Bombers (2016–19 and 2021) and Toronto Argonauts (2022–23). Harris holds the CFL record for the most career rushing yards with 10,151, as well as the most career yards from scrimmage by a Canadian with 15,554 yards. He is a five-time CFL All-Star (2012, 2015–18) and a four-time Grey Cup champion (2011, 2019, 2021, 2022). He was also named the league’s top Canadian in 2017, the Most Outstanding Canadian in the 2011 and 2019 Grey Cups and the 2019 Grey Cup MVP. After retiring in 2023, he became head of football operations and head coach of the Vancouver Island Raiders.

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  • Article

    Andrew Wiggins

    Andrew Christian Wiggins (born 23 February 1995 in Toronto, ON). Andrew Wiggins is a Canadian professional basketball player with the Golden State Warriors of the National Basketball Association (NBA). Raised in Vaughan, Ontario, Wiggins first rose to fame as the world’s top-ranked high school basketball player and was a second-team All-American in college. In 2014, he became the second Canadian to be selected first overall in the NBA draft. He is the first Canadian player to be named the NBA’s Rookie of the Year and the first to score more than 40 points in a game. Wiggins also helped Canada secure three bronze medals in international competition. He is the highest-paid Canadian athlete of all time.    

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  • Article

    Angela Chalmers

    Angela Frances Chalmers, world-class distance runner (born 6 September 1963 in Brandon, MB). Angela Chalmers is one of the most accomplished Indigenous athletes in Canada. She won three gold medals in total at the Commonwealth Games in 1990 and 1994. An advocate for Indigenous issues, Chalmers has made efforts to connect with and inspire Indigenous youth from across Canada. Among many honours and awards, Chalmers was inducted into Athletics Canada Hall of Fame in 2019 and Canada’s Sports Hall of Fame in 2024.

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  • Article

    Angela James

    Angela James, OC, hockey player (born 22 December 1964 in Toronto, ON). Known as "the Wayne Gretzky of women's hockey," Angela James was a pioneering and dominant force in women's hockey during the 1980s and 1990s. She led the Canadian women’s hockey team to four world championships (1990, 1992, 1994, and 1997). She was also one of the first three women to be inducted into the International Ice Hockey Federation Hall of Fame. When James was inducted into the Hockey Hall of Fame in 2010, she was one of the first two women, the first openly gay player, and the second Black athlete ever to be inducted. She was appointed to the Order of Hockey in Canada in 2021 and was made an Officer of the Order of Canada in 2022.

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  • Article

    Angella Issajenko

    Angella Issajenko, sprinter (b in Jamaica 28 Sept 1958). Known as "Angella Taylor" for most of her athletic career since 1978, Issajenko has been one of Canada's outstanding international sprinters.

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  • Article

    Anne Heggtveit

    Anne Heggtveit, alpine skier (b at Ottawa 11 Jan 1939). Following in the footsteps of her father and uncles, cross-country skiing champions and former Olympians, Anne Heggtveit started skiing at age 2 and by 7 was the senior ladies combined champion at Camp Fortune.

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  • Article

    Anne Ottenbrite

    Anne Ottenbrite, swimmer (b at Whitby, Ont 12 May 1966). Ottenbrite showed promise as a swimmer early in life. As a 3 year old, swimming was made enjoyable and recreational: her father often played games of chase with her, and

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  • Article

    Annie Pelletier

    Annie Pelletier, diver (b at Montréal 22 Dec 1973). Under the supervision of coach Donald Dion she passed through all the steps toward international success. In 1991, she became a member of the Canadian national team.

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