Geographical features | The Canadian Encyclopedia

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  • Article

    Port-au-Port Peninsula

    Port-au-Port peninsula is a roughly triangular peninsula with 130 km of rocky coastline but no harbours. The peninsula is joined to southwestern Newfoundland via a strip of land west of Stephenville. Port-au-Port is home to Newfoundland’s oldest francophone communities (see Francophones of Newfoundland and Labrador).

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  • Article

    Port Refuge

    Port Refuge is a small bay on the south coast of Grinnell Peninsula, Devon I, in the high Arctic.

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  • Article


    Portage is a way by land around an interruption in a water route. Until the early 19th century most inhabitants of what is now Canada travelled mainly by water. Alexander Mackenzie and Simon Fraser demonstrated that it is possible, by portaging 100 times, to canoe from the St Lawrence to the Arctic or Pacific oceans.

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  • Article

    Portage La Loche (Methye Portage)

    Portage La Loche (Methye Portage), in present-day northern Saskatchewan, was the longest portage (20 km) in the regular fur trade, traversing the height of land between the Hudson Bay watershed and the Arctic watershed.

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  • Article


    Prairies are a form of grassland reflecting the depositional features of the Wisconsinan glaciation. While often considered featureless flatlands, they actually contain great diversity. Topography ranges from broad undulating plains to rolling hills and plateaus, often dissected by beautiful valleys and escarpments.

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  • Article

    Prince Charles Island

    Prince Charles Island, Nunavut, 9521 km2, 130 km long and 100 km wide, is the largest island in Foxe Basin.

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  • Article

    Prince of Wales Island

    Prince of Wales Island, Nunavut, 33 339 km2, is the eighth-largest island in the Arctic Archipelago.

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  • Article

    Prince of Wales Strait

    Prince of Wales Strait is situated in the Arctic Archipelago between the uplands of western Victoria Island and the east coast of Banks Island.

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  • Article

    Prince Patrick Island

    Prince Patrick Island, 15 848 km2, is the farthest west of Canada's Arctic Queen Elizabeth Islands.

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  • Article

    Principal Reservoirs in Canada

    Principal Reservoirs in Canada Principal Reservoirs in Canada Reservoir River Province Storage Capacity* Year Operational Lake St Lawrence St Lawrence Ontario 808 1958 Cross-Cedar Lake Saskatchewan Manitoba 9643 1965 Williston Lake Peace BC 70 309 1968 Manicouagan Manicouagan Québec 141 851 1968 Lake Diefenbaker South Saskatchewan Saskatchewan 9868 1972 Kinbasket Lake Columbia BC 24 670 1972 Wreck Cove Wreck Cove Nova Scotia 126 1978 Hinds Lake Humber Newfoundland 305 1980 SmallwoodChurchillLabrador28 0001971 *millions of cubic...

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  • Article

    Purcell Mountains

    The Purcell Mountains are an interior mountain range in British Columbia.

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  • Article

    Quadra Island

    Quadra Island, BC, 270 km2, is situated at the North end of the Strait of Georgia between Vancouver Island and mainland BC, opposite Campbell River.

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  • Article

    Qu'Appelle River

    The Qu'Appelle River, 430 km long, rises in Lake Diefenbaker and meanders generally east across southern Saskatchewan, joining the Assiniboine River just east of the Manitoba border.

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  • Article

    Queen Elizabeth Islands

    The Queen Elizabeth Islands, NWT/Nunavut, are a group of islands in the Canadian Arctic Archipelago lying north of a great bathometric trench composed of (east to west) Lancaster Sound, Barrow Strait, Viscount Melville Sound and M'Clure Strait.

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  • Article

    Quill Lakes

    The Quill Lakes are three connected saline lakes in southeastern Saskatchewan. They are located 150 km north of Regina and 152 km east of Saskatoon. From west to east the lakes are named Big Quill, Middle Quill (also known as Mud Lake) and Little Quill. Despite its name, at 181 km2 Little Quill is the second largest of the three lakes. Big Quill is the largest at 307 km2. The Quill Lakes’ elevation is 516 m.

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