Business & Economics | The Canadian Encyclopedia

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  • Article

    Archambault Musique

    Archambault Musique. Business concern established in Montreal in 1896 by Edmond Archambault. It began as a sheet music store at the corner of Ste-Catherine and St-Hubert streets and moved later to Ste-Catherine and Berri.

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  • Article

    Architectural Competitions

    An architectural competition occurs when designs are prepared by two or more architects for the same project, on the same site, at the same time. Some competitions are open, meaning that any architect within a designated area is eligible to enter.

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  • Article

    Argus Corporation Ltd

    Argus Corporation Ltd, with head offices in Toronto, is a specialized investment and holding company, incorporated in 1945. Attracting little interest to itself or its activities for much of its history, Argus was thrust into

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  • Article

    Asbestos Strike of 1949

    The Asbestos Strike began on 14 February 1949 and paralyzed major asbestos mines in Quebec for almost five months. The Quebec government sided with the main employer, an American-owned company, against the 5,000 unionized mine workers. From the start, the strike created conflicts between the provincial government and the Roman Catholic Church, which usually sided with the government (see Catholicism in Canada). One of the longest and most violent labour conflicts in Quebec history, it helped lay the groundwork for the Quiet Revolution.

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  • Editorial

    Asbestos Strike: Turning Point in Quebec History

    The following article is an editorial written by The Canadian Encyclopedia staff. Editorials are not usually updated. The strike that began on 14 February 1949 in Asbestos, Quebec, is one of those events that resonate beyond the immediate and define history. It was, as Pierre Trudeau later wrote, “a violent announcement that a new era had begun.”

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  • Macleans

    Aspers Acquire Black's Newspapers

    Leonard Asper wrapped up the last bit of business in the $3.5-billion deal that reshaped Canada's media landscape by cellular telephone in a car.This article was originally published in Maclean's Magazine on August 14, 2000

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  • Article

    Assets in Canada

    An asset is a useful and desirable thing or quality. The word is most often used in business, financial or accounting contexts. Canada has some of the world’s most impressive physical and natural resources. These resources may be viewed as “national assets.” The concept is also useful in personal finance, as housing is most Canadian families’ largest asset.

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  • Article

    Astral Media

    Astral Media is the largest radio broadcaster in Canada, with major interests in specialty television channels.

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  • Article

    Atomic Energy of Canada Ltd

    Atomic Energy of Canada Ltd Atomic Energy of Canada Limited (AECL) was incorporated as a crown corporation in 1952 to take over the Chalk River project, the site in 1945 of the first controlled nuclear chain reaction outside the US (see Nuclear Research Establishments); it reports to Parliament through the minister of natural resources. The company is involved in a host of nuclear energy activities and applications in Canada. AECL has traditionally undertaken more than...

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  • Article

    Attic Records Ltd.

    Attic Records Ltd. Independent label established in 1974 in Toronto by Alexander Mair, president, and Tom Williams, vice president until his departure in 1984.

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  • Article

    Automotive Industry

    The automotive industry includes the production of cars and car parts (see automobile). Since the early 20th century, it has been one of Canada’s most significant manufacturing industries, as well as a key driver of Canada’s manufactured imports and exports, employment and overall industrial production. (See also Manufacturing in Canada; Industry in Canada.) Though dominated by foreign firms (largely American), Canada boasts a strong domestic parts manufacturing sector that emerged in the last part of the 20th century. Concentrated in Southern Ontario, Canada’s auto sector evolved as a consequence of industrial policies such as protectionism and free trade.

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  • Article

    Bailouts in Canada

    A bailout consists of providing financial help to a business or to the wider economy during times of trouble.

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  • Article

    Baking Industry

    The Canadian baking industry consists of companies that manufacture bread, cakes, pastries and similar perishable bakery products.

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  • Article

    Balance of Payments

    The balance of payments, or balance of international payments, is an accounting statement of the economic transactions that have taken place between the residents of one country (including its government) and the residents of other countries during a specified time, usually a year or a quarter.

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  • Article

    Banff Springs Hotel

    Fairmont Banff Springs (formerly Banff Springs Hotel) is a luxury hotel located in Banff National Park. (See also National Parks in Canada; Alberta.) This famous Canadian building is an excellent example of a resort hotel. It is known for its architectural design within a natural setting (the Rocky Mountains) as well as its ability to support a thriving sports and leisure culture. The hotel was developed as part of the Canadian Pacific Railway’s network of hotels, which were constructed across Canada in order to encourage the use of its transcontinental lines. Known as the “Castle in the Rockies,” the architecture of the Fairmont Banff Springs is predominantly in the Scottish Baronial style, featuring an Arts-and-Crafts interior.

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