History/Historical Figures | The Canadian Encyclopedia

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  • Article

    Agnes Macphail

    Agnes Campbell Macphail, politician, reformer (born 24 March 1890 in Proton Township, Grey County, ON; died 13 February 1954 in Toronto, ON). Agnes Macphail was the first woman elected to the House of Commons (1921–40) and was one of the first two women elected to the Ontario legislature (1943–45, 1948–51). She was also the first female member of a Canadian delegation to the League of Nations. Macphail was a founding member of the Co-operative Commonwealth Federation (the forerunner of the New Democratic Party). She was a noted pacifist and an advocate for prison reform. As a member of the Ontario legislature, she championed Ontario’s first equal pay legislation (1951).

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    https://d3d0lqu00lnqvz.cloudfront.net/media/media/c3d35c24-444d-43df-822d-8170c2e3086b.jpg Agnes Macphail
  • Article

    Albert Johnson, “The Mad Trapper of Rat River”

    Albert Johnson, also known as the “Mad Trapper,” outlaw (born circa 1890–1900, place of birth unknown; died 17 February 1932 in Yukon). On 31 December 1931, an RCMP constable investigating a complaint about traplines was shot and seriously wounded by a trapper living west of Fort McPherson, NT. The ensuing manhunt — one of the largest in Canadian history — lasted 48 days and covered 240 km in temperatures averaging -40°C. Before it was over, a second policeman was badly wounded and another killed. The killer, tentatively but never positively identified as Albert Johnson, was so skilled at survival that the police had to employ bush pilot Wilfrid “Wop” May to track him. The Trapper’s extraordinary flight from the police across sub-Arctic terrain in the dead of winter captured the attention of the nation and earned him the title “The Mad Trapper of Rat River.” No motive for Johnson’s crimes has ever been established, and his identity remains a mystery. This article contains sensitive material that may not be suitable for all audiences.

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    https://d3d0lqu00lnqvz.cloudfront.net/media/new_article_images/AlbertJohnson/na-1258-114.jpg Albert Johnson, “The Mad Trapper of Rat River”
  • Article

    Alejandro Malaspina

    Alejandro Malaspina, explorer (b at Mulazzo, Italy 5 Nov 1754; d at Pontremoli, Italy 9 Apr 1810). Born to an illustrious but impoverished family, Malaspina entered the Spanish naval service. In 1784 he sailed around the world in the frigate Astrea.

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    https://www.thecanadianencyclopedia.ca/images/tce_placeholder.jpg?v=e9dca980c9bdb3aa11e832e7ea94f5d9 Alejandro Malaspina
  • Article

    Alexander George Edwin Smith

    Alexander George Edwin Smith, Cayuga contractor, soldier, war hero (born 14 August 1879 on the Six Nations Grand River Reserve, ON; died 21 August 1954 in Buffalo, New York), was a veteran of the First World War. He served as an officer in the pre-war Militia, was commissioned as an infantry lieutenant in the Canadian Expeditionary Force (CEF) and received the Military Cross (MC) for his heroic actions on the Western Front.

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    https://d3d0lqu00lnqvz.cloudfront.net/media/new_article_images/AlexanderGeorgeEdwinSmith/Alexander_Smith_image.png Alexander George Edwin Smith
  • Article

    Alexander Henry

    Alexander Henry, fur trader (born in August 1739 in New Jersey, USA; died 4 April 1824 in Montreal, QC). He was one of the first English traders, known as the "pedlars from Quebec," to do business in the North-West following 1763.

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    https://d3d0lqu00lnqvz.cloudfront.net/media/media/a988aa22-bfba-4635-a6d5-8c15fbcd0c0f.jpg Alexander Henry
  • Article

    Alexander Henry (The Younger)

    Alexander Henry, "the Younger," fur trader (d at Fort George [Astoria, Ore] 22 May 1814), nephew of Alexander Henry, "the Elder."

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    https://www.thecanadianencyclopedia.ca/images/tce_placeholder.jpg?v=e9dca980c9bdb3aa11e832e7ea94f5d9 Alexander Henry (The Younger)
  • Article

    Alexander Monkman

    Alexander Monkman, trader, rancher, promoter (b at Manitoba House, Man 29 March 1870; d at Grande Prairie, Alta 26 September 1941). 

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    https://d3d0lqu00lnqvz.cloudfront.net/media/media/f703ac5f-d24d-41d1-a329-b0aa21b1672d.jpg Alexander Monkman
  • Article

    Alexander Dunn, VC

    Alexander Roberts Dunn, VC, army officer (born 15 September 1833 in York, Upper Canada; died 25 January 1868 near Senafe, Abyssinia). During the Crimean War, Lieutenant Dunn was the first Canadian ever to be awarded the Victoria Cross (VC), the highest award for bravery among troops of the British Empire.

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    https://d3d0lqu00lnqvz.cloudfront.net/media/media/c8d6753b-5937-4ffa-af23-3032ae057629.jpg Alexander Dunn, VC
  • Article

    Alexander Ross

    Alexander Ross, fur trader, author (b in Morayshire, Scot 9 May 1783; d at Red River [Man] 23 Oct 1856).

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    https://www.thecanadianencyclopedia.ca/images/tce_placeholder.jpg?v=e9dca980c9bdb3aa11e832e7ea94f5d9 Alexander Ross
  • Article

    Alikomiak and Tatimagana

    Alikomiak (also spelled Alekámiaq) and Tatimagana, Inuit hunters from the central Arctic, were the first Inuit to be condemned and executed for murder under Canadian law on 1 February 1924. The trials of Alikomiak and Tatimagana have been described as demonstrations of federal authority over the Inuit as well as of Canadian sovereignty in the Arctic.

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    https://d3d0lqu00lnqvz.cloudfront.net/media/media/555fb88f-02be-435e-9f45-a8bdcb6dbe1c.jpg Alikomiak and Tatimagana
  • Article

    Allan Gilmour

    Allan Gilmour, shipbuilder, timber merchant (b at Craigton, Mearns [Strathclyde], Scot 29 Sept 1805; d at Glasgow, Scot 18 Nov 1884).

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    https://www.thecanadianencyclopedia.ca/images/tce_placeholder.jpg?v=e9dca980c9bdb3aa11e832e7ea94f5d9 Allan Gilmour
  • Article

    Almighty Voice

    Almighty Voice (or Kitchi-manito-waya, meaning “Voice of the Great Spirit,” also known as Jean-Baptiste), Cree, outlaw (born around 1875 near Duck Lake, SK; died 30 May 1897 at Batoche, SK).

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    https://d3d0lqu00lnqvz.cloudfront.net/AlmightyVoice.jpg Almighty Voice
  • Article

    Alphonse Verville

    Alphonse Verville, plumber, labourist, socialist, MP, president of the Trades and Labor Congress of Canada (b at Côte-St-Paul [Montréal], Canada E 28 Oct 1864; d at Montréal 20 June 1930).

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    https://www.thecanadianencyclopedia.ca/images/tce_placeholder.jpg?v=e9dca980c9bdb3aa11e832e7ea94f5d9 Alphonse Verville
  • Article

    The Disappearance of Ambrose Small

    On 2 December 1919, a day after completing a million-dollar business transaction in Toronto, entertainment tycoon Ambrose Small mysteriously disappeared. Despite an international search, no trace of him was ever found. Police suspected foul play and investigated Small’s wife and personal secretary. However, neither the police nor a private investigator uncovered any evidence connecting them to his disappearance. The Ambrose Small case remains one of Canada’s most perplexing and legendary unsolved mysteries.

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    https://d3d0lqu00lnqvz.cloudfront.net/media/media/5b98e440-d985-42f9-92c3-b7ac6c3c1ecd.jpg The Disappearance of Ambrose Small
  • Article

    Anahareo

    Anahareo, or Gertrude Philomen Bernard, CM, conservationist, prospector (born 18 June 1906 in Mattawa, ON; died 17 June 1986 in Kamloops, BC). An independent, forceful animal welfare advocate, Anahareo is credited with converting her well-known husband, Grey Owl, into a conservationist.

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    https://d3d0lqu00lnqvz.cloudfront.net/media/new_article_images/Anahareo/pd-393-3-59.jpg Anahareo