Military | The Canadian Encyclopedia

Browse "Military"

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  • Article

    Charles Lawrence

    Charles Lawrence, military officer, governor of NS (b in England c 1709; d at Halifax 19 Oct 1760). Though he lacked the backing of any influential patron, Lawrence enjoyed a successful career.

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    https://www.thecanadianencyclopedia.ca/images/tce_placeholder.jpg?v=e9dca980c9bdb3aa11e832e7ea94f5d9 Charles Lawrence
  • Article

    Charles Lightfoot Roman

    Charles Lightfoot Roman, MD, CM, surgeon, author, researcher, lecturer (born 19 May 1889 in Port Elgin, ON; died 8 June 1961 in Valleyfield, QC). Charles Lightfoot Roman was one of the first Black Canadians to graduate from McGill University’s Faculty of Medicine and became a recognized expert in industrial medicine. He was also one of the first Black Canadians to enlist for service in the First World War and was the only known Black person to serve with the Canadian General Hospital No. 3 (McGill). Lightfoot Roman was also likely the first Black Grand Master of a traditional Masonic lodge.

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    https://d3d0lqu00lnqvz.cloudfront.net/media/home-page-images/lightfoot-roman-resized.jpg Charles Lightfoot Roman
  • Article

    Charlie Martin

    Charles Cromwell Martin, DCM, MM, farmer, soldier, civil servant, author (born 18 December 1918 in Wales; died 13 October 1997 in Mississauga, ON). During the Second World War, Warrant Officer Class II (WO II) Charlie Martin was awarded both the Distinguished Conduct Medal and Military Medal. Martin’s "Battle Diary" memoirs, first released in 1994, remain among the most vivid portrayals of the lives of ordinary Canadian soldiers in the war.

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    https://d3d0lqu00lnqvz.cloudfront.net/media/media/2e5667d1-df64-4298-947c-460779c09b44.jpg Charlie Martin
  • Article

    Charles-Michel d'Irumberry de Salaberry

    Charles-Michel d'Irumberry de Salaberry, British army and Canadian militia officer, military figure in the WAR OF 1812 (b at Beauport, Qué 19 Nov 1778; d at Chambly, Lower Canada 27 Feb 1829). At age 14, de Salaberry enlisted as a volunteer in the 44th Foot.

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    https://d3d0lqu00lnqvz.cloudfront.net/media/media/cda45a2f-f1cd-4579-9bf4-528f87a529dd.jpg Charles-Michel d'Irumberry de Salaberry
  • Article

    Charles Roy Slemon

    Charles Roy Slemon, air marshal (b at Winnipeg 7 Nov 1904; d at Colorado Springs, Colo 12 Feb 1992).

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    https://www.thecanadianencyclopedia.ca/images/tce_placeholder.jpg?v=e9dca980c9bdb3aa11e832e7ea94f5d9 Charles Roy Slemon
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    Edith Monture

    Charlotte Edith Anderson Monture (often known simply as Edith Monture), Kanyen’kehà:ka (Mohawk) First World War veteran, registered nurse, (born 10 April 1890 on Six Nations reserve near Brantford, ON; died 3 April 1996 in Ohsweken, ON). Edith Monture was the first Indigenous woman to become a registered nurse in Canada and to gain the right to vote in a Canadian federal election. She was also the first Indigenous woman from Canada to serve in the United States military. Edith broke barriers for Indigenous women in the armed forces and with regards to federal voting rights. A street (Edith Monture Avenue) and park (Edith Monture Park) are named after her in Brantford, Ontario.

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    https://d3d0lqu00lnqvz.cloudfront.net/media/Twitter_Cards/Edith Monture 1.jpg Edith Monture
  • Article

    Chinese Canadians of Force 136

    Force 136 was a branch of the British Special Operations Executive (SOE) during the Second World War. Its covert missions were based in Japanese-occupied Southeast Asia, where orders were to support and train local resistance movements to sabotage Japanese supply lines and equipment. While Force 136 recruited mostly Southeast Asians, it also recruited about 150 Chinese Canadians. It was thought that Chinese Canadians would blend in with local populations and speak local languages. Earlier in the war, many of these men had volunteered their services to Canada but were either turned away or recruited and sidelined. Force 136 became an opportunity for Chinese Canadian men to demonstrate their courage and skills and especially their loyalty to Canada.

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    https://d3d0lqu00lnqvz.cloudfront.net/media/new_article_images/Force136/Force136-India-w-guns.jpg Chinese Canadians of Force 136
  • Article

    Chris Ayotte (Primary Source)

    Brigadier-General (retired) Chris Ayotte enrolled in the Canadian Armed Forces in 1992 and graduated from the Royal Military College in 1996 with a degree in chemical and materials engineering. A member of the Royal Canadian Engineers, BGEN (ret'd) Ayotte served across Canada on multiple domestic operations and internationally in the Balkans, Afghanistan and the Middle East. He retired from the military in 2022 after 30 years of service. In 2024, BGen (ret'd) Ayotte shared with Historica Canada his experiences as a combat engineer officer in Kosovo.  Please be advised that the following written account does not necessarily reflect the views of Historica Canada.

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    https://d3d0lqu00lnqvz.cloudfront.net/ChrisAyotte/Ayote-Kosovo-1999.jpg Chris Ayotte (Primary Source)
  • Article

    Christopher Vokes

    Christopher Vokes, soldier (born in Armagh, Ireland, 13 April 1904; died in Toronto, ON, 27 March 1985). A tough-minded Second World War general, Vokes commanded Canadian army divisions in the Italian campaign and during the push through northern Germany at the end of the war. He was one of the few Canadian generals to emerge from the war with a reputation as a skilled operational commander.

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    https://d3d0lqu00lnqvz.cloudfront.net/media/media/09e350c3-b2bc-472d-a097-972bb373c969.jpg Christopher Vokes
  • Article

    Clarence Campbell

    Clarence Sutherland Campbell, MBE, sport administrator, lawyer, Second World War veteran (born 7 September 1905 in Fleming, SK; died 23 June 1984 in Montréal, QC). As president of the National Hockey League from 1946 to 1977, Campbell's tenure was longer than any executive in any other sport.

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    https://www.thecanadianencyclopedia.ca/images/tce_placeholder.jpg?v=e9dca980c9bdb3aa11e832e7ea94f5d9 Clarence Campbell
  • Article

    Clarence Rupert Dunlap

    Clarence Rupert (Larry) Dunlap, air marshal (b orn 1 January 1908 in Sydney Mines, NS; died 20 October 2003 in Victoria, BC).

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    https://www.thecanadianencyclopedia.ca/images/tce_placeholder.jpg?v=e9dca980c9bdb3aa11e832e7ea94f5d9 Clarence Rupert Dunlap
  • Article

    Claude de Ramezay

    Claude de Ramezay, (born 15 June 1659 in La Gesse, France; died 31 July 1724 in Quebec City). Claude de Ramezay came to New France as an officer in the troupes de la marine. He served as governor of Trois-Rivières (1690–99), commander of Canadian troops (1699–1704), governor of Montreal (1704–24), and as acting governor general of New France (1714–16). Throughout his time in New France, he pursued fur trade and lumber interests. He is also remembered for his home, Château Ramezay. Built in 1705, it is now a museum and one of Montreal’s landmark historical buildings.

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    https://d3d0lqu00lnqvz.cloudfront.net/media/new_article_images/ClaudedeRamezay/Claude_de_Ramezay.jpg Claude de Ramezay
  • Article

    Punch Dickins

    Clennell Haggerston “Punch” Dickins, OC, OBE, DFC, aviator, First World War flying ace (born 12 January 1899 in Portage la Prairie, MB; died 2 August 1995 in Toronto, ON). Punch Dickins was a First World War flying ace who received the Distinguished Flying Cross. Dickins was a pioneering bush pilot who logged more than 1.6 million km flying over remote reaches of the Canadian North.

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    https://d3d0lqu00lnqvz.cloudfront.net/media/media/86bfe704-ba22-4038-9c9b-801e1866ba02.jpg Punch Dickins
  • Article

    Clifford MacKay McEwen

    Clifford MacKay “Black Mike” McEwen, fighter pilot and ace, senior air force commander, airline executive, veterans’ advocate (born 2 July 1896 in Griswold, Manitoba; died 6 August 1967 in Toronto, Ontario). McEwen was one of Canada’s top-scoring fighter pilots of the First World War and commanded No. 6 (RCAF) Group, Bomber Command, during the Second World War.

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    https://d3d0lqu00lnqvz.cloudfront.net/Clifford_Mackay_McEwen.jpg Clifford MacKay McEwen
  • Article

    Coulson Norman Mitchell, VC

    Coulson Norman Mitchell, VC, engineer, soldier (born 11 December 1889 in Winnipeg, MB; died 17 November 1978 in Montréal, QC). During the First World War, Captain Mitchell was the only member of the Canadian engineers to be awarded the Victoria Cross (VC), the highest award for bravery among troops of the British Empire.

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    https://d3d0lqu00lnqvz.cloudfront.net/media/media/df8b16ae-5faa-422c-9f62-dfbc01f107f8.jpg Coulson Norman Mitchell, VC