Military | The Canadian Encyclopedia

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  • Table

    Canadian Nobel Laureates

    Administered by the Nobel Foundation, the Nobel Prizes are awarded in six categories: physics, chemistry, physiology or medicine, literature, peace, and economic sciences. Sixteen Canadians have been awarded Nobel Prizes, excluding Canadian-born individuals who gave up their citizenship and members of organizations that have won the Nobel Peace Prize. (See also Nobel Prizes and Canada.)

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  • Article

    Canadian Peacekeepers in Cyprus

    The United Nations Force in Cyprus (UNFICYP) was established in 1964 to prevent intercommunal fighting between the Greek Cypriot majority and the Turkish Cypriot minority. Canadian peacekeepers were the first to arrive and remained in strength until 1993. Since then, Canada has provided one staff officer to UNFICYP headquarters on a yearly rotational basis. More than 33,000 Canadians served in Cyprus; 28 died there.

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  • Article

    Canadian Peacekeepers in Haiti

    Since 1990, peacekeepers from the Canadian Armed Forces (CAF) and civilian police forces, including the Royal Canadian Mounted Police (RCMP), have served in Haiti on various United Nations (UN) missions. The purpose of these missions was to help stop the internal violence and civil unrest that had plagued the country for years and help promote and protect human rights and strengthen police and judicial systems.

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  • Article

    Canadian Peacekeepers in Rwanda

    From 1993 to 1995, Canada was a leading contributor to a series of United Nations peacekeeping missions in the African nation of Rwanda. However, the United Nations Assistance Mission for Rwanda (UNAMIR), led by Canadian Major-General Roméo Dallaire, was powerless to prevent the slaughter of 800,000 Rwandans in 1994. Following the genocide, a new contingent of Canadian troops returned to Rwanda as part of UNAMIR II, tasked with restoring order and bringing aid to the devastated population. Hundreds of Canadian soldiers, including Dallaire, returned from their service in Rwanda deeply scarred by what they had witnessed.

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  • Article

    Canadian Peacekeepers in Somalia

    In 1992–93, Canada contributed military forces to UNITAF, a United Nations–backed humanitarian mission in the African nation of Somalia. The mission was hampered by the fact that some of the warring factions in the Somalia conflict attacked the international forces that were trying to restore order and deliver food to a starving population. The Canadian effort was also clouded by the murder of a Somali teenager by Canadian troops. The crime — and alleged cover-up by Defence officials in Ottawa — became one of the most infamous scandals in Canadian history.

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  • Article

    Canadian Peacekeepers in the Balkans

    From 1991 to the present, members of the Canadian Armed Forces (CAF) and civilian police forces, including the Royal Canadian Mounted Police (RCMP), have served in peace operations in the Balkans. Their mission was to provide security and stability following the breakup of the Federal Republic of Yugoslavia. Nearly 40,000 Canadians have served in the Balkans, and 23 CAF members died while deployed there.

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  • Article

    Canadian Rangers

    The Canadian Rangers are a unique organization within the Armed Forces, created to provide a paramilitary presence in the North and in other remote areas made up of mainly local Indigenous populations. The number of Canadian Rangers in 2024 is roughly 5,000.

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  • Macleans

    Canadian Soldiers in Afghanistan

    This article was originally published in Maclean’s magazine on October 13, 2003. Partner content is not updated. DON'T EXPECT MUCH sympathy from Sgt. Paul Coppicus. For the rugged soldier from Moosomin, Sask., tackling challenges on your own initiative is the only way to prove your worth.

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  • Macleans

    Canadian Troops Dig in for a Long Battle with the Taliban

    Just a few days before he and Prime Minister Stephen Harper made their surprise March trip to visit Canadian troops in Afghanistan, Defence Minister Gordon O'Connor tried to calm growing anxiety about the combat role Canada appeared to be taking on in Kandahar.This article was originally published in Maclean's Magazine on June 26, 2006

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  • Macleans

    Canadian Troops Killed in Afghanistan

    The road they died on could hardly even be called one.This article was originally published in Maclean's Magazine on October 13, 2003

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  • Macleans

    Canadian Troops to Stay in Afghanistan

    Their widows wept. A bagpiper played an old, sad song. The faces of comrades were ashen. Memorial services for fallen soldiers are, of course, painfully unique to the families and friends of the dead; but what they offer the nation is familiar ritual, perhaps a feeling of closure.This article was originally published in Maclean's Magazine on October 20, 2003

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  • Article

    Canadian Volunteers in the War of 1812

    A band of Americans and pro-American Canadians living in Upper Canada, the Canadian Volunteers were a company-sized regiment that fought on the American side during the WAR OF 1812.

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  • Article

    Canadian War Museum

    The Canadian War Museum, Canada's national museum of military history, was opened in 2005 on the south bank of the Ottawa River. The museum, originally begun in 1880 as an informal collection of military artifacts, was moved in 1967 to an archives building on Sussex Drive with most of the collection stored off-site. In 2001, the Federal Government announced the decision to fund the construction of a state-of-the art new building to be situated in the LeBreton Flats area of downtown Ottawa. Designed by Moriyama & Teshima Architects in a joint venture with Griffiths Rankin Cook Architects, the Museum opened in May 2005. Appropriately, its opening coincided with the 60th anniversary of the end of World War II in Europe and also the 125th anniversary of the museum itself.

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  • Article

    CANLOAN

    CANLOAN was a volunteer program that loaned Canadian officers to the British Army during the Second World War.

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  • Article

    CANTASS

    The Canadian Towed Array Sonar System (CANTASS) has been used by Canadian ships since the late 1980s for long-range detection and identification of submarines. It is a passive system that “listens” but does not transmit any noise. The CANTASS uses a hydrophone array developed by the US Navy in conjunction with a powerful signal processor developed by Litton Systems Canada Ltd. The CANTASS has been fitted to the Annapolis-class destroyers, Halifax-class frigates, and the Oberon and Victoria-class submarines.

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