Science & Technology | The Canadian Encyclopedia

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Displaying 136-150 of 850 results
  • Macleans

    Canadian Health Worsening

    Sarah Hamid considered herself a "happy-go-lucky person." A straight-A student with a loving family and a scholarship at Simon Fraser University in Burnaby, B.C., she loved the campus clubs and thrived on sports.This article was originally published in Maclean's Magazine on October 21, 2002

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  • List

    Canadian Innovations in Aviation

    Canada has been a part of the story of powered flight since its earliest days. Numerous Canadians have applied their talents and vision to advance aviation and all of its related sciences. The following are just a few examples of Canadian innovation in this field.

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  • Article

    Canadian Institutes of Health Research

    Canadian Institutes of Health Research (CIHR) is the major federal agency responsible for funding health research in Canada.

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  • Article

    Canadian Lipid Nanoparticle Research: The Key to COVID-19 mRNA Vaccines

    COVID-19 vaccines were the first vaccines to be developed, tested, produced and delivered amid a global pandemic (see Covid-19 Pandemic in Canada). As the typical vaccine development, testing and regulatory approval process can take anywhere from 10 to 15 years, several distinctive strategies, coupled with previous research work in key areas, combined to expedite the approval of COVID-19 vaccines, especially messenger ribonucleic acid (mRNA)-based vaccines. Among the most significant of this previous work was the research undertaken by the team of Pieter Cullis, Michael Hope and Thomas Madden at the University of British Columbia that began in the early 1980s. Their work, which focused on studying and developing lipid nanoparticles (LNPs), as well as pioneering the technology to produce them, provided the key to making COVID-19 mRNA vaccines possible.

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  • Article

    Canadian Liver Foundation

    The Canadian Liver Foundation is the first organization in the world to devote itself exclusively to providing support for education and research into the causes and treatment of diseases of the liver.

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  • Article

    Canadian Lung Association

    Canadian Lung Association, Canada's first national voluntary health organization, was founded in 1900. Its roots were in the former Canadian Tuberculosis Association.

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  • Article

    Canadian Medical Association

    Canadian Medical Association, est 1867 by 167 doctors in Québec City. It is a voluntary federation of 10 autonomous provincial medical associations united at the national level and now represents the majority of English- and French-speaking physicians across Canada.

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  • Article

    Canadian Medical Hall of Fame

    Established in 1994, the Canadian Medical Hall of Fame (CMHF) is a national charitable organization. The mission of the CMHF is to “recognize and celebrate Canadian health leaders whose work has advanced health and inspires the pursuit of careers in the health sciences.” As of 2006, up to six individuals are inducted into the CMHF annually. Laureates are featured at the CMHF’s Exhibit Hall in London, Ontario, and online through the CMHF’s official website.

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  • Article

    Canadian Museum of Nature

    The Canadian Museum of Nature (CMN), designated as a crown corporation in 1990 under the Museums Act, is the national museum of natural history.

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  • Table

    Canadian Nobel Laureates

    Administered by the Nobel Foundation, the Nobel Prizes are awarded in six categories: physics, chemistry, physiology or medicine, literature, peace, and economic sciences. Sixteen Canadians have been awarded Nobel Prizes, excluding Canadian-born individuals who gave up their citizenship and members of organizations that have won the Nobel Peace Prize. (See also Nobel Prizes and Canada.)

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  • Macleans

    Canadian Shares Nobel Prize

    Retired Hamilton restaurateur Max Mintz can still recall the two teenage boys. Following the death of their mother in 1956, David and Myron would often visit Mintz’s diner, the Chicken Roost, brought by their father, dentist Jess Scholes.This article was originally published in Maclean's Magazine on October 27, 1997

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  • Article

    Canadian Space Agency

    Established in 1989, the Canadian Space Agency (CSA) promotes the peaceful use and development of space for the social and economic benefit of Canadians. It also coordinates federal government contributions to the CSA’s various partners in Canada and abroad. The agency’s current mandate includes the Canadian astronaut program, satellite development, space science and technology programs, space stations and robotics. Click here for definitions of key terms used in this article.

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  • Macleans

    Canadians Brace for West Nile Virus

    STRESSED-OUT, Canadians are more than ready for summertime, when the living is, well, easier.This article was originally published in Maclean's Magazine on May 19, 2003

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  • Article

    Canals and Inland Waterways

    These 2 great journeys were first made just before the end of the 18th century, and by the same man. Alexander Mackenzie reached the mouth of the river which now bears his name in 1789, and was the first European to cross the North American continent (to Bella Coola) in 1793.

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  • Article


    Cancer is a term describing more than 100, possibly as many as 200, different diseases characterized by the common property of abnormal cell growth. Cancer is the second-leading cause of death in Canada and second only to accidents as a cause of death in children under 15 years of age.

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